Rain Gardens

Mellow Marsh Farm has a NC – Certified Rain Garden Specialist on staff to recommend plant material for the special requirements for rain gardens. A wide variety of native perennials and shrubs are well suited to the extreme wet and dry conditions of rain gardens. We have over 30 years of collective experience propagating these species, and we know what works.

Aesculus pavia

Aesculus pavia
Common Name:
Red buckeye
Comments:
Showy understory shrub with attractive crimson flowers in the early spring.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Often multi stemmed with height to 20 feet.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native understory shrub, Native landscaping shrub

Aesculus sylvatica

Aesculus sylvatica
Common Name:
Painted buckeye
Comments:
Showy understory shrub with attractive yellow flowers in the early spring.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Often multi stemmed with height to 20 feet.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native understory shrub, Native landscaping shrub

Amelanchier canadensis

Common Name:
Serviceberry
Comments:
Multi stemmed shrub or small tree with numerous white flowers early in the season. Fruits (pomes) are dark purple when ripe in June-July. Edible and sweet.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: to 24 feet.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native edible fruit

Amorpha fruticosa

Common Name:
False indigo
Comments:
Shrub in the legume family with spike shaped racemes of purple flowers.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 20'.
Applications:
Stream restoration

Aronia arbutifolia

Live Stakes
Common Name:
Chokeberry
Comments:
Large shrub simple serrate leaf; pinkish to white flowers, black drupe.
Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 15'.

Asclepias tuberosa

Asclepias tuberosa
Common Name:
Butterfly weed
Comments:
Upland herbaceous plant with bright orange flowers.
Hydrology: tolerates dry poor soils.
Height: up to 1'.

Baptisia alba

Common Name:
White wild indigo
Comments:
Quick growing bushy herbaceous plant with attractive white blossoms held on tall spires.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 4'.
Applications:
Rain gardens, Native landscaping perennial

Callicarpa americana

Callicarpa americana
Common Name:
American beautyberry
Comments:
Deciduous shrub; arching stems; showy fuscia-colored fruits, lovely scent to stems and leaves.
Hydrology: dry to moist soils.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 8'.

Canna flaccida

Wetland Plants
Common Name:
Yellow canna
Comments:
Large yellow flowers appearing above broad, light green leaves.
Hydrology: seasonal to regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: 4' to 5'.

Carex crinita

Storm Water Plants
Common Name:
Fringed sedge
Comments:
Tall, grass-like sedge with drooping seed heads.
Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 2'.

Carex glaucescens

Carex glaucescens
Common Name:
Southern waxy sedge
Comments:
Grass-like sedge with bluish color and terminal spikes.
Hydrology: seasonal to continuous inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: 2' to 4'.

Carex grayi

Native Perennial
Common Name:
Gray's sedge
Comments:
Pretty sedge with interesting seed head.
Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 2'.

Carex intumescens

Storm Water Plants
Common Name:
Bladder sedge
Comments:
Clump-forming, medium sized carex.
Hydrology: irregular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 3'.

Carex lupulina

Common Name:
Hop sedge
Comments:
Grass-like sedge with pineapple-shaped seed head.
Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 4'.

Carex lurida

Common Name:
Shallow sedge
Comments:
Grass-like sedge forming large clumps.
Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: about 1'.
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native tough perennial

Carex stricta

Native Plants
Common Name:
Tussock sedge
Comments:
Grass-like sedge forming mounds or tussocks.
Hydrology: intermittent or permanent inundation, up to 6" deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 3.5'.

Carex vulpinoides

Common Name:
Fox sedge
Comments:
A bunch type sedge with small yellow-green leaves.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: 1 to 3 feet.

Chasmanthium latifolium

Native Grasses
Common Name:
River oats
Comments:
Grass with graceful arching panicle.
Hydrology: regular to irregular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: 2' to 2.5'.

Chionanthus virginicus

Chionanthus virginicus
Common Name:
Fringe tree
Comments:
Showy native shrub with fragrant early flowers borne on drooping axillary panicles.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 20'.
Applications:
Showy native shrub or small tree, Stream restoration

Clethra alnifolia

Clethra alnifolia
Common Name:
Sweet pepper bush
Comments:
Shrub or small tree with spikes of fragrant white flowers.
Hydrology: intermittent flooding.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 9'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat

Coreopsis lanceolata

Storm Water Management
Common Name:
Lance-leaf coreopsis
Comments:
A herbaceous perennial plant that grows in small clumps with deeply cut leaves and yellow flower heads.
Wetland Indicator Status: UPL.
Height: 1 to 2.5 feet tall.

Cornus florida

Common Name:
Flowering dogwood
Comments:
Small deciduous tree with showy white bracts in April-May.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 30'.
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration

Echinacea purpurea

Pollinator Plants
Common Name:
Purple coneflower
Comments:
Tall showy inflorescence with purple ray flowers and yellow disc flowers.
Hydrology: upland.
Height: variable, 1' to 4'.

Equisetum hyemale

Native Perennials
Common Name:
Horsetail
Comments:
Reed-like; stems are round, dark green, unbranched, and jointed.
Hydrology: irregular flooding.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW. Height: 2' to 3'.

Eragrostis spectabilis

Common Name:
Purple lovegrass
Comments:
Fine-leaved, clump-forming grass; reddish/purplish seed heads.
Hydrology: dry soils.
Height: 1' to 3'.

Euonymus americanus

Common Name:
Strawberry bush
Comments:
Striking fuchsia-colored seed capsule opens to expose bright red seeds.
Hydrology: saturated to upland.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: up to 6'.

Eupatorium perfoliatum

Storm Water Plants
Common Name:
Boneset
Comments:
Tall robust herb with white flowers.
Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 5'.

Eutrochium fistulosum

Water Quality Plants
Common Name:
Joe-pye weed
Comments:
Tall robust herb with large heads of small purple flowers.
Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 6'.
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Shallow land, Pollinator habitat, Butterfly habitat, Native flowering perennial

Gaillardia pulchella

Gaillardia pulchella
Common Name:
Indian blanket
Comments:
Showy maroon and gold flower on small branching stems. Tolerates dry soils and varied conditions.
Wetland Indicator Status: UPL.
Applications:
Landscaping wildflower, Showy native perennial, Rain gardens, Pollinator habitat

Helenium autumale

Helenium autumale
Common Name:
Bitterweed
Comments:
Medium to tall bushy herbaceous perennial; numerous yellow flowers from July to frost.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Applications:
Native landscaping wildflower, Stormwater ponds, Pollinator habitat

Helianthus angustifolius

Ecosystem Services
Common Name:
Swamp sunflower
Comments:
Tall leafy sunflower; flowers from July to frost.
Hydrology: variable, frequent to seasonal inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 3' to 7'.

Hibiscus coccineus

Hibiscus coccineus
Common Name:
Scarlet rose mallow
Comments:
Showy large red flower on large perennial plant.
Hydrology: irregularly inundated.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 3'.

Hibiscus moscheutos

Native Perennials
Common Name:
Marsh hibiscus/Rose mallow
Comments:
Showy red, white, or pink flowers; can tolerate dry periods.
Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation up to 3" deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 7'.
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native flowering perennial

Hypericum densiflorum

Hypericum densiflorum
Common Name:
Bushy St. Johnswort
Comments:
Small dense shrub or woody perennial with numerous showy yellow flowers.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 4'.
Applications:
Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat

Ilex decidua

Ilex decidua
Common Name:
Possum haw
Comments:
Broad-leaved deciduous shrub; tolerates full shade; orange/red berries.
Hydrology: upland to irregular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 20'.

Ilex glabra

Storm Water Plants
Common Name:
Inkberry
Comments:
Evergreen rhizomatous shrub with black drupes.
Hydrology: irregular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 6' to 12'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native evergreen shrub

Iris virginica

Iris virginica
Common Name:
Southern blue flag
Comments:
Iris with showy blue flowers.
Hydrology: regularly or permanently up to 6" deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 4'.

Itea virginica

Native Perennial
Common Name:
Virginia sweetspire
Comments:
Shrub with white bell-shaped flowers in dense drooping racemes.
Hydrology: regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 10'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat

Juncus coriaceus

Common Name:
Leathery rush
Comments:
Spreading tufted perennial rush.
Hydrology: infrequent to regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 1' to 2'.

Juncus effusus

Stream Restoration
Common Name:
Soft rush
Comments:
Grass-like rush with stiff stems, 3 to 4 feet tall, grows in clumps.
Hydrology: inundation up to 1'; prefers a dry down period.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 3.5'.
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Swales, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Shallow land, Erosion control, Native tough perennial

Kosteletskya virginica

Native Plants
Common Name:
Marsh mallow
Comments:
Tall woody perennial, showy pink flowers, tolerates dryer soils.
Hydrology: above mean high to spring tide.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: 2' to 4'.

Liatris spicata

Pollinator Plants
Common Name:
Blazing star
Comments:
Flowering herb with showy racemes of pink flowers.
Hydrology: variable, regular inundation to dry.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: 3' to 4'.

Lindera benzoin

Common Name:
Spice bush
Comments:
Shrub with aromatic stems and leaves, red stems and red fall foliage.
Hydrology: seasonally inundated.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 6' to 12'.

Lyonia lucida

Common Name:
Fetterbush
Comments:
Broadleaf evergreen colony forming shrub with delicate bell shaped flowers on a drooping panicle.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 6'.
Applications:
Showy native shrub, Stream restoration

Monarda fistulosa

Native Perennial
Common Name:
Wild bergamot
Comments:
A showy pinkish flowering plant with aromatic leaves and hollow, greenish-purple stems.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: 2 to 5 feet.

Morella cerifera

Native Shrubs
Common Name:
Wax myrtle
Comments:
Aromatic evergreen shrub or small tree with waxy bluish berries.
Hydrology: regularly inundated.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: up to 30'.

Muhlenbergia capillarisa

Muhlenbergia capillarisa
Common Name:
Sweet grass
Comments:
A wispy, purple-flowered grass with wirelike and unbranched stems and leaves.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: up to 3 feet.

Physocarpus opulifolius

Physocarpus opulifolius
Common Name:
Ninebark
Comments:
Showy deciduous shrub with beautiful clusters of bell shaped flowers and characteristic peeling bark.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Applications:
Showy native landscaping shrub, Stream restoration, Pollinator habitat, Live staking

Physostegia virginiana

Common Name:
Obedient plant
Comments:
Showy native flowering perennial with long upright racemes bearing pink flowers. The stem has a characteristic ability to remain bent when moved.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Applications:
Native flowering perennial, Native landscaping plant, Stormwater ponds, Rain gardens, Pollinator habitat

Ratibida columnifera

Ratibida columnifera
Common Name:
Prairie coneflower
Comments:
Height: 12" to 24" tall.

Ratibida pinnata

Native Plants
Common Name:
Grey-headed coneflower
Comments:
Height: 3' to 5' tall.

Rhododendron arborescens

Native Perennial
Common Name:
Smooth/Sweet azalea
Comments:
Dark green foliage and inconspicuous white flowers, with a smattering of conspicuous brown fruits or seeds.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: up to 18'.

Rhynchospora colorata

Native Plants
Common Name:
White topped sedge
Comments:
Showy sedge with white bracts, giving the appearance of white petals.
Hydrology: occasional to regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 2' to 3'.

Solidago sempervirens

Native Perennial
Common Name:
Seaside goldenrod
Comments:
Salt tolerant goldenrod, yellow flowers.
Hydrology: above mean high tide.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 1' to 6'.

Spiraea tomentosa

Stream Restoration
Common Name:
Hardhack
Comments:
Shrub of bogs, wet meadows, and low woodlands; pink flowers.
Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 1' deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 6.5'.

Stokesia laevis

Stokesia laevis
Common Name:
Stokes aster
Comments:
Showy perennial herb with a basil cluster of dark green leaves, numerous broad light blue to purple flowers.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Applications:
Showy native perennial, Rain gardens, Stormwater ponds, Pollinator habitat

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus

Common Name:
Coralberry
Comments:
Erect colonizing multi-stemmed shrub, coral colored berries.
Hydrology: upland to occasional inundation.
Height: up to 5' or 6'.

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum

Native Perennial
Common Name:
Calico aster
Comments:
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.

Symphyotrichum oblongifolium

Common Name:
Aromatic aster
Comments:
Woody stemmed dense bush forming herbaceous perennial with numerous blue to purple flowers in autumn.
Wetland indicator status: UPL.
Applications:
Showy native flowering perennial, Native landscaping perennial, Stormwater ponds

Verbena hastata

Common Name:
Blue vervain
Comments:
Upright flowering perennial.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Applications:
Stormwater ponds

Vernonia noveboracensis

Vernonia noveboracensis
Common Name:
Ironweed
Comments:
Robust perennial herb, tall leafy stem, numerous purple disk flowers.
Hydrology: irregular inundation, salt tolerant.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 3' to 7'.

Viburnum dentatum

Bare Root Trees
Common Name:
Arrow wood
Comments:
Shrub with arrow-straight stems, opposite leaves, black drupes.
Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: up to 10'.

Yucca filamentosa

Common Name:
Yucca
Comments:
Suckering evergreen perennial with characteristic thready filaments along leaf margins. Wetland Indicator Status: UPL.
Height: to 6'.
Applications:
Native flowering perennial, Native landscaping