Aesculus pavia is a small understory tree native to the southeastern coastal plain, although occasionally occurring more inland. It is cultivated for its showy red flowers that bloom in the early spring. It prefers to grow in moist shady soils, but can tolerate full sun and various soil types. Aesculus pavia works well in restoration projects, or as a specimen plant in a yard or rain garden. Both the flowers and fruits of buckeye trees are important to our wildlife and insect pollinators.