For detailed information on these methods (and more), see the external resource links at the bottom of this page.Suggested further preparation:
Native seed mixes establish differently than lawn/turf grasses: instead of germinating all at once, they come up gradually throughout the growing season (some even in the next year). We recommend adding a nurse crop (cover crop) to the mix. Quickly germinating nurse crops should hold soil and moisture in place and restrict weed growth.
We now sell nurse crops at Mellow Marsh!
Below is a table of nurse crops we have found to work well. We do not recommend Annual rye grass as a nurse crop because it outcompetes native seeds.
|Common||Species||Use for planting in:||Mix||Notes:|
|Hard fescue||Festuca brevipila||Fall, Winter|
|3-5 lbs/a; 20%||Weak competitors; do not interfere with native grasses. Shade tolerant.|
|Sheep fescue||Festuca ovina||Fall, Winter|
|3-5 lbs/a; 20%|
|Secale cereale||Early Spring or Fall||30 lbs/a; 50%||Grows 3-4′ tall, but weaker competitor than annual rye grass; better choice despite height. High salt tolerance.|
|Perennial rye||Lolium perenne||Spring – Summer||5-50 lbs/a; 20-50%||Shorter rye; lasts about 2 years, then dies out.|
|Millet (foxtail or German)||Setaria italica||Spring – Summer||5-50 lbs/a; 20-50%||Good germination; dies off with frost; does not tolerate mowing.|