Aesculus flava is a tree native and endemic to the southern Appalachians (it does not naturally occur anywhere else). This tree is one of the largest buckeyes in the area. It can be distinguished by its size and its thick plate-like bark. It produces showy yellow flowers in the early spring. It grows best in rich, moist, well-drained soils. Aesculus flava is good for restoration projects or as a specimen tree in a yard. Both the flowers and fruits of buckeye trees are important to our wildlife and insect pollinators.