Wholesale Native Plants

Browse our catalog of 200 native species. We maintain an inventory of over 500,000 stems.

Please Contact us for availability.

A

Acer negundo

Common Name:
Box elder
Comments:
Fast growing deciduous tree with pinnately compound leaves.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: to 80 feet tall.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Pioneer tree , Native riparian tree

Acer rubrum

Common Name:
Red maple
Comments:
Fast growing deciduous tree, widely adaptable with beautiful fall foliage.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: to 90 feet.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native riparian tree, Native landscaping tree

Acorus americanus

ACAM
Common Name:
Sweet flag
Comments:
Iris-like, aromatic leaves.
Hydrology: up to 6" water.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: 1' to 4'.
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native perennial

Aesculus pavia

Aesculus pavia
Common Name:
Red buckeye
Comments:
Showy understory shrub with attractive crimson flowers in the early spring.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Often multi stemmed with height to 20 feet.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native understory shrub, Native landscaping shrub

Aesculus sylvatica

Aesculus sylvatica
Common Name:
Painted buckeye
Comments:
Showy understory shrub with attractive yellow flowers in the early spring.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Often multi stemmed with height to 20 feet.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native understory shrub, Native landscaping shrub

Alisma subcordatum

Common Name:
Water plantain
Comments:
White panicle with heart-shaped leaves and basal rosette.
Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation; up to 1' deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: to 3.5'.

Alnus serrulata

Wetland Plants
Common Name:
Tag alder
Comments:
Broad-leaved deciduous shrub with persistent seed cones.
Hydrology: seasonally to regularly inundated.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: 12' to 20'.

Amelanchier arborea

Common Name:
Downy service-berry
Comments:
A small tree or shrub with a narrow, round crown and white elongate petals at the branch tip.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: up to 10 meters tall.

Amelanchier canadensis

Common Name:
Serviceberry
Comments:
Multi stemmed shrub or small tree with numerous white flowers early in the season. Fruits (pomes) are dark purple when ripe in June-July. Edible and sweet.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: to 24 feet.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native edible fruit

Amorpha fruticosa

Common Name:
False indigo
Comments:
Shrub in the legume family with spike shaped racemes of purple flowers.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 20'.
Applications:
Stream restoration

Andropogon gerardii

Common Name:
Big bluestem
Comments:
Native grass, with variable color: inflorescence from bronze to gray blue, plant from red to brown and purple.
Hydrology: upland to infrequent inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: 2.5' to 5'.

Andropogon glomeratus

Common Name:
Bushy beardgrass
Comments:
Native grass with reddish leaves and stems; conspicuous bushy seed heads.
Hydrology: moist to frequently inundated soils.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 2'.

Andropogon virginicus

Common Name:
Broomsedge
Comments:
Native grass, reddish stems and leaves, white feathery inflorescence.
Hydrology: variable from dry fields to frequent inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 3'.

Aronia arbutifolia

Live Stakes
Common Name:
Chokeberry
Comments:
Large shrub simple serrate leaf; pinkish to white flowers, black drupe.
Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 15'.

Asclepias incarnata

Native Perennials
Common Name:
Swamp milkweed
Comments:
Attractive deep pink flowers, opposite leaves.
Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 4'.

Asclepias tuberosa

Asclepias tuberosa
Common Name:
Butterfly weed
Comments:
Upland herbaceous plant with bright orange flowers.
Hydrology: tolerates dry poor soils.
Height: up to 1'.

Asimina triloba

Common Name:
Paw paw
Comments:
Clonal understory tree with large simple leaves and edible fruits.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: to 35'.
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Native edible, Stream restoration, High wildlife value

Athyrium filix-femina

Common Name:
Southern lady fern
Comments:
Native fern common in damp woodlands with attractive feathery foliage.
Applications:
Native landscaping fern
B

Bacopa caroliniana

Common Name:
Carolina water hyssop
Comments:
An aquatic creeping perennial herb. Leaves are succulent and have a lemon scent when crushed.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Applications:
Native aquatic perennial, Stormwater ponds

Baptisia alba

Common Name:
White wild indigo
Comments:
Quick growing bushy herbaceous plant with attractive white blossoms held on tall spires.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 4'.
Applications:
Rain gardens, Native landscaping perennial

Betula nigra

Common Name:
River birch
Comments:
Small tree, attractive flaking bark.
Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 50' to 75'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native riparian tree, Native landscaping tree

Borrichia frutescens

Native Plants
Common Name:
Sea ox-eye
Comments:
High marsh herb, salt tolerant, yellow flowers.
Hydrology: above mean high tide.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: .5' to 4'

Bouteloua curtipendula

Common Name:
Sideoats grama
Comments:
Fine leaved, sod-forming native grass with oat like seeds.
Hydrology: dry soils, drought tolerant.
Height: 12".
C

Callicarpa americana

Callicarpa americana
Common Name:
American beautyberry
Comments:
Deciduous shrub; arching stems; showy fuscia-colored fruits, lovely scent to stems and leaves.
Hydrology: dry to moist soils.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 8'.

Calycanthus floridus

Calycanthus floridus
Common Name:
Sweetshrub
Comments:
Showy deciduous shrub with fragrant bark and flowers with fleshy burgandy petals.
Wetland indicator status: FACU.
Height: to 12'.
Applications:
Showy native landscaping shrub, Stormwater ponds

Canna flaccida

Wetland Plants
Common Name:
Yellow canna
Comments:
Large yellow flowers appearing above broad, light green leaves.
Hydrology: seasonal to regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: 4' to 5'.

Carex crinita

Storm Water Plants
Common Name:
Fringed sedge
Comments:
Tall, grass-like sedge with drooping seed heads.
Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 2'.

Carex glaucescens

Carex glaucescens
Common Name:
Southern waxy sedge
Comments:
Grass-like sedge with bluish color and terminal spikes.
Hydrology: seasonal to continuous inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: 2' to 4'.

Carex grayi

Native Perennial
Common Name:
Gray's sedge
Comments:
Pretty sedge with interesting seed head.
Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 2'.

Carex intumescens

Storm Water Plants
Common Name:
Bladder sedge
Comments:
Clump-forming, medium sized carex.
Hydrology: irregular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 3'.

Carex lupulina

Common Name:
Hop sedge
Comments:
Grass-like sedge with pineapple-shaped seed head.
Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 4'.

Carex lurida

Common Name:
Shallow sedge
Comments:
Grass-like sedge forming large clumps.
Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: about 1'.
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native tough perennial

Carex stricta

Native Plants
Common Name:
Tussock sedge
Comments:
Grass-like sedge forming mounds or tussocks.
Hydrology: intermittent or permanent inundation, up to 6" deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 3.5'.

Carex vulpinoides

Common Name:
Fox sedge
Comments:
A bunch type sedge with small yellow-green leaves.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: 1 to 3 feet.

Carpinus caroliniana

Common Name:
American hornbeam
Comments:
A small deciduous tree with white flowers that bloom at the branch tip, and attractive fall foliage.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: to 30 feet tall.

Carya aquatica

Common Name:
Water hickory
Comments:
A large deciduous tree of floodplains and bottomlands.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: to 98'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native riparian tree

Carya glabra

Common Name:
Pignut hickory
Comments:
Large deciduous tree with abundant pear shaped nuts in September-October. Attractive golden fall foliage.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Applications:
Native Landscaping tree, Stream restoration, Mast producing native

Carya ovata

Common Name:
Shagbark hickory
Comments:
Large deciduous tree with characteristic shaggy bark. Abundant sweet nuts in September-October and brilliant golden fall foliage.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 120'.
Applications:
Native Landscaping tree, Stream restoration, Mast producing native

Carya tomentosa

Common Name:
Mockernut hickory
Comments:
Large deciduous tree. Abundant sweet nuts in September-October and brilliant golden fall foliage.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 120'.
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration, Mast producing native

Celtis laevigata

Common Name:
Sugarberry
Comments:
Medium sized deciduous tree with characteristic warty bark.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 60'.
Applications:
Stream restoration

Celtis occidentalis

Common Name:
Hackberry
Comments:
Medium sized deciduous tree.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 60'.
Applications:
Stream restoration

Cephalanthus occidentalis

Storm Water Management
Common Name:
Button bush
Comments:
Shrub-tree, white globe-shaped flowers, red foliage and seed heads in fall.
Hydrology: intermittent to permanent inundation, up to 3' deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 12'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Live stakes, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat

Ceratophyllum demersum

Common Name:
Coontail
Comments:
A rootless submerged, olive-green plant with relatively stiff, whorled leaves and small flowers.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: 1 to 3 m long.

Cercis canadensis

Common Name:
Eastern redbud
Comments:
Early flowering small tree bearing pink to purple flowers on both the stems and trunk "cauliflory".
Wetland Indicator Status: UPL.
Height: to 30'.
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration, Pollinator habitat

Chamaecyparis thyoides

Native Trees
Common Name:
Atlantic white cedar
Comments:
Medium-sized evergreen tree, similar to Juniperus virginiana.
Hydrology: obligate wetland; tidal or seasonal flooding.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: to 90'.

Chasmanthium latifolium

Native Grasses
Common Name:
River oats
Comments:
Grass with graceful arching panicle.
Hydrology: regular to irregular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: 2' to 2.5'.

Chelone glabra

Common Name:
White turtlehead
Comments:
Wetland and riparian herb with white flowers borne on stout stems.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: to 36".
Applications:
Stormwater ponds

Chionanthus virginicus

Chionanthus virginicus
Common Name:
Fringe tree
Comments:
Showy native shrub with fragrant early flowers borne on drooping axillary panicles.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 20'.
Applications:
Showy native shrub or small tree, Stream restoration

Cladium jamaicense

Common Name:
Saw grass
Comments:
Very tall grass of fresh and brackish marshes, lower leaf margins with saw teeth, inflorescence with 3 to 4 spirally-arranged scales.
Hydrology: regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 9'.

Clethra alnifolia

Clethra alnifolia
Common Name:
Sweet pepper bush
Comments:
Shrub or small tree with spikes of fragrant white flowers.
Hydrology: intermittent flooding.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 9'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat

Coreopsis lanceolata

Storm Water Management
Common Name:
Lance-leaf coreopsis
Comments:
A herbaceous perennial plant that grows in small clumps with deeply cut leaves and yellow flower heads.
Wetland Indicator Status: UPL.
Height: 1 to 2.5 feet tall.

Coreopsis palmata

Native Plants
Common Name:
Prairie coreopsis
Comments:
A stalkless perennial flowering plant with wide, yellow flowers, and leaves divided into three lobes at base.
Wetland Indicator Status: UPL.
Height: up to 90 cms.

Cornus amomum

Native Shrub
Common Name:
Silky dogwood
Comments:
Spreading, deciduous shrub; inflorescence a cyme of small white flowers; blue fruits.
Hydrology: seasonal to regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 4' to 10'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Live stakes, Native flowering shrub, Pollinator habitat

Cornus florida

Common Name:
Flowering dogwood
Comments:
Small deciduous tree with showy white bracts in April-May.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 30'.
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration

Cornus foemina

Common Name:
Swamp dogwood
Comments:
Spreading, deciduous shrub; inflorescence a cyme of small white flowers; blue fruits.
Hydrology: tolerates regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 4' to 10'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Stormwater ponds

Corylus americana

Common Name:
American hazelnut
Comments:
Spreading understory shrub bearing long catkins in late winter and sweet edible nuts in August-September.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 20'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native landscaping shrub, Native edible, Native mast producer

Cyrilla racemiflora

Storm Water Plants
Common Name:
Titi
Comments:
Tall shrub or tree; semi evergreen; dangling racemes of white flowers.
Hydrology: regular to irregular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 25'.
D

Dichanthelium clandestinum

Common Name:
Deertongue
Comments:
Rhizomatous perennial grass.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Applications:
Stormwater ponds

Diospyros virginiana

Common Name:
Persimmon
Comments:
Understory tree; large fruits; good wildlife value.
Hydrology: upland.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: to 50'.

Distichlis spicata

Common Name:
Salt grass
Comments:
High marsh habitat, grass-like, tolerates high salinity.
Hydrology: above mean high tide.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 16".

Dulichium arundinaceum

Dulichium arundinaceum
Common Name:
Three-way sedge
Comments:
Conspicuously 3-sided sedge; also known as "mini bamboo".
Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation; edges of bogs, marshes, ponds, streams.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: 1.5' to 3'.
E

Echinacea purpurea

Pollinator Plants
Common Name:
Purple coneflower
Comments:
Tall showy inflorescence with purple ray flowers and yellow disc flowers.
Hydrology: upland.
Height: variable, 1' to 4'.

Eleocharis obtusa

Native Grasses
Common Name:
Blunt spikerush
Comments:
Annual found in wet meadows, high wildlife value.
Hydrology: regular to semi-permanent flooding.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: .5' to 2'.

Eleocharis quadrangulata

Native Perennials
Common Name:
Square-stem spikerush
Comments:
Unique-looking rush, distinctly 4-sided.
Hydrology: permanent inundation, marshy shores, pond edges.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: 2' to 4'.

Elodea canadensis

Common Name:
Waterweed
Comments:
Submersed aquatic, leaves in dense whorls of three along submerged stem.
Hydrology: submerged.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.

Elymus hystrix

Common Name:
Bottlebrush grass
Comments:
A bristle-like tall grass with seed heads like a bottlebrush. Grows in clumps.
Wetland Indicator Status: UPL.
Height: 3 to 5 feet tall.

Elymus virginicus

Common Name:
Virginia wild rye
Comments:
A showy grain-like grass with heads spiked with awns, and green basal leaves.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 4 to 5 feet.

Equisetum hyemale

Native Perennials
Common Name:
Horsetail
Comments:
Reed-like; stems are round, dark green, unbranched, and jointed.
Hydrology: irregular flooding.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW. Height: 2' to 3'.

Eragrostis spectabilis

Common Name:
Purple lovegrass
Comments:
Fine-leaved, clump-forming grass; reddish/purplish seed heads.
Hydrology: dry soils.
Height: 1' to 3'.

Eryngium aquaticum

Native Perennials
Common Name:
Marsh eryngo
Comments:
Tall herb of the water's edge; purplish-blue flowers in summer.
Hydrology: regularly saturated to irregularly inundated.
Wetland Indicator Status: UPL.
Height: up to 4'.

Eubotrys racemosa

Eubotrys racemosa
Common Name:
Swamp doghobble
Comments:
Tardily deciduous shrub with delicate bell shape flowers on racemes.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 6'.
Applications:
Native landscaping shrub, Stormwater ponds, Wetland mitigation, Pollinator habitat

Euonymus americanus

Common Name:
Strawberry bush
Comments:
Striking fuchsia-colored seed capsule opens to expose bright red seeds.
Hydrology: saturated to upland.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: up to 6'.

Eupatorium perfoliatum

Storm Water Plants
Common Name:
Boneset
Comments:
Tall robust herb with white flowers.
Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 5'.

Eutrochium fistulosum

Water Quality Plants
Common Name:
Joe-pye weed
Comments:
Tall robust herb with large heads of small purple flowers.
Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 6'.
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Shallow land, Pollinator habitat, Butterfly habitat, Native flowering perennial
F

Fagus grandifolia

Common Name:
American beech
Comments:
Shade tolerant smooth barked late successional deciduous tree.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 120'.
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration

Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Common Name:
Green ash
Comments:
Fast growing canopy tree, opposite compound leaves.
Hydrology: irregular to permanent inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 7'.

Fraxinus profunda

Common Name:
Pumpkin ash
Comments:
Large deciduous tree, opposite compound leaves; seeds are conspicuous samaras.
Hydrology: infrequent to continuous inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
G

Gaillardia pulchella

Gaillardia pulchella
Common Name:
Indian blanket
Comments:
Showy maroon and gold flower on small branching stems. Tolerates dry soils and varied conditions.
Wetland Indicator Status: UPL.
Applications:
Landscaping wildflower, Showy native perennial, Rain gardens, Pollinator habitat
H

Hamamelis virginiana

Stream Restoration
Common Name:
Witch hazel
Comments:
Small deciduous tree, early spring flowers; deeply veined serrate leaves.
Hydrology: upland.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: up to 15'.

Helenium autumale

Helenium autumale
Common Name:
Bitterweed
Comments:
Medium to tall bushy herbaceous perennial; numerous yellow flowers from July to frost.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Applications:
Native landscaping wildflower, Stormwater ponds, Pollinator habitat

Helianthus angustifolius

Ecosystem Services
Common Name:
Swamp sunflower
Comments:
Tall leafy sunflower; flowers from July to frost.
Hydrology: variable, frequent to seasonal inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 3' to 7'.

Hibiscus coccineus

Hibiscus coccineus
Common Name:
Scarlet rose mallow
Comments:
Showy large red flower on large perennial plant.
Hydrology: irregularly inundated.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 3'.

Hibiscus moscheutos

Native Perennials
Common Name:
Marsh hibiscus/Rose mallow
Comments:
Showy red, white, or pink flowers; can tolerate dry periods.
Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation up to 3" deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 7'.
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native flowering perennial

Hypericum densiflorum

Hypericum densiflorum
Common Name:
Bushy St. Johnswort
Comments:
Small dense shrub or woody perennial with numerous showy yellow flowers.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 4'.
Applications:
Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat
I

Ilex coriacea

Common Name:
Gallberry
Comments:
An evergreen shrub with oval, leathery leaves and non-showy axillary flowers.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 10 to 15 feet tall.

Ilex decidua

Ilex decidua
Common Name:
Possum haw
Comments:
Broad-leaved deciduous shrub; tolerates full shade; orange/red berries.
Hydrology: upland to irregular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 20'.

Ilex glabra

Storm Water Plants
Common Name:
Inkberry
Comments:
Evergreen rhizomatous shrub with black drupes.
Hydrology: irregular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 6' to 12'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native evergreen shrub

Ilex opaca

Common Name:
American holly
Comments:
Medium sized broadleaf evergreen tree with numerous bright red drupes.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 80'.
Applications:
Native landscaping tree

Ilex verticillata

Ilex verticillata
Common Name:
Winterberry
Comments:
Multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with brilliant red drupes persisting into midwinter.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 16'.
Applications:
Showy native shrub, Native landscaping shrub, Stormwater ponds, Stream restoration, Erosion control

Ilex vomitoria

Common Name:
Yaupon
Comments:
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.

Iris fulva

Native Perennials
Common Name:
Copper iris
Comments:
Unusual native, copper-colored flowers.
Hydrology: regular inundation.
Height: about 2'.

Iris virginica

Iris virginica
Common Name:
Southern blue flag
Comments:
Iris with showy blue flowers.
Hydrology: regularly or permanently up to 6" deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 4'.

Itea virginica

Native Perennial
Common Name:
Virginia sweetspire
Comments:
Shrub with white bell-shaped flowers in dense drooping racemes.
Hydrology: regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 10'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat
J

Juglans nigra

Common Name:
Black walnut
Comments:
Large deciduous tree with long odd pinnate leaves and numerous large nuts (fruits falling in September-October).
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration, Native edible, Native mast producer

Juncus coriaceus

Common Name:
Leathery rush
Comments:
Spreading tufted perennial rush.
Hydrology: infrequent to regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 1' to 2'.

Juncus effusus

Stream Restoration
Common Name:
Soft rush
Comments:
Grass-like rush with stiff stems, 3 to 4 feet tall, grows in clumps.
Hydrology: inundation up to 1'; prefers a dry down period.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 3.5'.
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Swales, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Shallow land, Erosion control, Native tough perennial

Juncus roemerianus

Common Name:
Black needle rush
Comments:
Similar to J. effusus but found in brackish marshes.
Hydrology: above mean high tide, fresh to brackish.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 4'.

Juniperus virginiana

Common Name:
Eastern red cedar
Comments:
A dense slow growing tree with adapressed scale-like leaves and berry-like seed cones.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: up to 60 feet.
K

Kalmia latifolia

Common Name:
Mountain laurel
Comments:
Evergreen shrub with showy light pink to white flower clusters in May-June.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 15'.
Applications:
Showy native shrub, Landscaping native, Stream restoration

Kosteletskya virginica

Native Plants
Common Name:
Marsh mallow
Comments:
Tall woody perennial, showy pink flowers, tolerates dryer soils.
Hydrology: above mean high to spring tide.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: 2' to 4'.
L

Leersia oryzoides

Common Name:
Rice cutgrass
Comments:
Tall grass resembling rice.
Hydrology: tidal to irregular inundation, tolerates some drought.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: 2' to 6'.

Lemna spp.

Common Name:
Duck weed
Comments:
Tiny floating aquatic with good wildlife and water treatment value. Floats on surface of lakes, ponds, and slow-moving streams.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.

Liatris spicata

Pollinator Plants
Common Name:
Blazing star
Comments:
Flowering herb with showy racemes of pink flowers.
Hydrology: variable, regular inundation to dry.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: 3' to 4'.

Lindera benzoin

Common Name:
Spice bush
Comments:
Shrub with aromatic stems and leaves, red stems and red fall foliage.
Hydrology: seasonally inundated.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 6' to 12'.

Liquidambar styraciflua

Common Name:
Sweet gum
Comments:
Large deciduous tree often a pioneer of unused fields and roadsides with distinctive spiked compound fruit.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: to 120'.
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration

Liriodendron tulipifera

Common Name:
Tulip poplar
Comments:
Very large deciduous tree with uniquely shaped four lobed simple leaves and large showy flowers. Often a pioneer of unused fields and roadsides.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 150'.
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration, Pioneer species

Lobelia cardinalis

Wetland Mitigation
Common Name:
Cardinal flower
Comments:
Tall leafy herb, showy red flower spikes; attracts butterflies, hummingbirds.
Hydrology: moist soils to regular or permanent inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 4'.

Lobelia elongata

Native Perennials
Common Name:
Blue lobelia
Comments:
Similar to L. cardinalis but with blue flowers.
Hydrology: moist soils to regular or permanent inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 3'.

Lobelia siphilitica

Native Plants
Common Name:
Great blue lobelia
Comments:
Similar to L. cardinalis but with blue flowers.
Hydrology: moist soils to regular or permanent inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: 1' to 2'.

Lyonia lucida

Common Name:
Fetterbush
Comments:
Broadleaf evergreen colony forming shrub with delicate bell shaped flowers on a drooping panicle.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 6'.
Applications:
Showy native shrub, Stream restoration
M

Magnolia tripetela

Common Name:
Umbrella magnolia
Comments:
Medium sized deciduous magnolia with extraordinarily large white flowers and large leaves forming umbrella like clusters on the tips of the branches.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration

Magnolia virginiana

Common Name:
Sweetbay magnolia
Comments:
A small semi-deciduous tree with glossy foliage and showy white flowers.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 40'.
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration

Monarda fistulosa

Native Perennial
Common Name:
Wild bergamot
Comments:
A showy pinkish flowering plant with aromatic leaves and hollow, greenish-purple stems.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: 2 to 5 feet.

Morella cerifera

Native Shrubs
Common Name:
Wax myrtle
Comments:
Aromatic evergreen shrub or small tree with waxy bluish berries.
Hydrology: regularly inundated.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: up to 30'.

Muhlenbergia capillarisa

Muhlenbergia capillarisa
Common Name:
Sweet grass
Comments:
A wispy, purple-flowered grass with wirelike and unbranched stems and leaves.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: up to 3 feet.
N

Najas guadalupensis

Common Name:
Water nymph
Comments:
Feathery submerged aquatic annual.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.

Nelumbo lutea

Bird Friendly Plants
Common Name:
American lotus
Comments:
Rooted floating aquatic, large circular leaves reaching 1 to 3 feet wide. Large showy flowers are yellow, 4 to 10 inches wide when fully open.
Hydrology: permanently inundated, 2' to 5'.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.

Nuphar advena

Storm Water Plants
Common Name:
Spatterdock
Comments:
Aquatic herb with round floating leaves and attractive yellow flowers.
Hydrology: grows in 1 to 3 feet of water.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.

Nymphaea odorata

Storm Water Plants
Common Name:
American white waterlily
Comments:
Rooted aquatic with floating leaves, green above and purplish beneath. Flowers are showy white with yellow stamens.
Hydrology: permanent inundation, 1' to 3'.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.

Nyssa aquatica

Common Name:
Water tupelo
Comments:
Deciduous tree with broad, simple leaves; fruits are dark blue drupes.
Hydrology: frequent to permanent inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: 75' to 100'.

Nyssa biflora

Common Name:
Swamp tupelo
Comments:
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.

Nyssa sylvatica

Common Name:
Black gum
Comments:
Understory tree, red foliage in fall, black drupes.
Hydrology: upland and irregular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: up to 50'.
O

Onoclea sensibilis

Native Perennials
Common Name:
Sensitive fern
Comments:
Leathery light green fern with pairs of bead like spore cases.
Hydrology: moist soils to frequent inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 2'.

Orontium aquaticum

Native Plants
Common Name:
Golden club
Comments:
Unique gold tipped flower on white stalk. Leaves are dark green and waxy.
Hydrology: permanent inundation or wet soil.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: 8" to 2'.

Osmunda cinnamomea

Native Plants
Common Name:
Cinnamon fern
Comments:
Large showy fern, with cinnamon-colored fertile fronds.
Hydrology: irregular to permanent saturation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 5'.

Osmunda regalis

Common Name:
Royal fern
Comments:
Fertile fronds.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.

Ostrya virginiana

Common Name:
Hop hornbeam
Comments:
Small deciduous tree with shreddy bark, leaves serrate.
Hydrology: upland.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: up to 30'.

Oxydendrum arboreum

Common Name:
Sourwood
Comments:
Small tree or large shrub, with cream white flowers borne in terminal panicles in June-July. Brilliant red foliage in early autumn.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration, Pollinator habitat
P

Panicum rigidulum

Common Name:
Redtop panicgrass
Comments:
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.

Panicum virgatum

Panicum virgatum
Common Name:
Switchgrass
Comments:
Tall sod-forming native; very drought resistant.
Hydrology: tolerates extremely variable conditions, saturated to very dry.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: up to 5'.

Peltandra virginica

Wetland Mitigation
Common Name:
Arrow arum
Comments:
Aquatic herb, grows in 1 to 3 feet of water, large arrow-shaped leaves.
Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 1' deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 2'.
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native flowering perennial

Persea borbonia

Common Name:
Swamp bay, Red bay
Comments:
Aromatic evergreen shrub/small tree, shiny leaves, blue-black fruits.
Hydrology: relatively dry to seasonal inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 40'.

Physocarpus opulifolius

Physocarpus opulifolius
Common Name:
Ninebark
Comments:
Showy deciduous shrub with beautiful clusters of bell shaped flowers and characteristic peeling bark.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Applications:
Showy native landscaping shrub, Stream restoration, Pollinator habitat, Live staking

Physostegia virginiana

Common Name:
Obedient plant
Comments:
Showy native flowering perennial with long upright racemes bearing pink flowers. The stem has a characteristic ability to remain bent when moved.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Applications:
Native flowering perennial, Native landscaping plant, Stormwater ponds, Rain gardens, Pollinator habitat

Pinckneya bracteata

Pinckneya bracteata
Common Name:
Fever tree
Comments:
Deciduous shrub with showy pink flowers; reddish brown pubescent twigs.
Hydrology: moist soils to occasional inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: 4' to 10'.

Platanus occidentalis

Storm Water Plants
Common Name:
Sycamore
Comments:
Fast growing broad-leafed deciduous tree.
Hydrology: irregular to seasonal inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 75' to 100'.

Polystichum acrostichoide

Common Name:
Christmas fern
Comments:
Evergreen fern forming small to medium size clumps in moist woodlands.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 36".
Applications:
Native landscaping fern

Pontederia cordata

Native Plants
Common Name:
Pickerel weed
Comments:
Robust, succulent herb with spikes of attractive purple flowers, lobed leaves.
Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 1' deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 4'.
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native flowering perennial

Populus deltoides

Common Name:
Cottonwood
Comments:
Large fast growing deciduous tree of floodplains and river banks.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: to 90'.
Applications:
Stream restoration

Prunus serotina

Common Name:
Black cherry
Comments:
A large deciduous tree often a pioneer of unused fields and fence lines with numerous white flowers in spring followed by dark fruits.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 80'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native landscaping tree, Pollinator habitat, High wildlife value
Q

Quercus alba

Common Name:
White oak
Comments:
A long lived deciduous oak with seven to nine lobed leaves.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 120'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native landscaping tree, Native mast producing tree, High wildlife value

Quercus bicolor

Common Name:
Swamp white oak
Comments:
A medium sized oak with ovoid shallowly lobed leaves.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 80'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native mast producing tree, High wildlife value

Quercus coccinea

Common Name:
Scarlet oak
Comments:
Large canopy oak; leaves with deeply cut sinuses.
Hydrology: upland to occasional inundation.
Height: 100' or more.

Quercus falcata

Common Name:
Southern red oak
Comments:
A medium to large deciduous oak with a characteristic long and narrow central lobe relative to other red oaks.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 80'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native landscaping tree, Native mast producing tree, High wildlife value

Quercus lyrata

Common Name:
Overcup oak
Comments:
A medium sized deciduous oak with acorns nearly completely enclosed in the cup.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: to 60'.

Quercus michauxii

Common Name:
Swamp chestnut oak
Comments:
Large canopy oak with chestnut-like leaves.
Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 135'.

Quercus palustris

Common Name:
Pin oak
Comments:
A deciduous oak with a characteristic spreading crown in mature trees.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 72'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native landscaping tree, Native mast producing tree, High wildlife value

Quercus phellos

Common Name:
Willow oak
Comments:
Large, fast growing oak with willow-like leaves.
Hydrology: irregular to seasonal inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: up to 80'.

Quercus rubra

Common Name:
Northern red oak
Comments:
Large deciduous oak with seven to nine lobed dentate leaves.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 120'.
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration, Showy fall color, Native mast producing tree, High wildlife value

Quercus shumardii

Common Name:
Shumard's oak
Comments:
A large deciduous red oak with seven to nine lobed dentate leaves.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration, Native mast producing tree, High wildlife value
R

Ratibida columnifera

Ratibida columnifera
Common Name:
Prairie coneflower
Comments:
Height: 12" to 24" tall.

Ratibida pinnata

Native Plants
Common Name:
Grey-headed coneflower
Comments:
Height: 3' to 5' tall.

Rhododendron arborescens

Native Perennial
Common Name:
Smooth/Sweet azalea
Comments:
Dark green foliage and inconspicuous white flowers, with a smattering of conspicuous brown fruits or seeds.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: up to 18'.

Rhododendron atlanticum

Rhododendron atlanticum
Common Name:
Dwarf azalea
Comments:
Low growing azalea with abundant pinkish-white, fragrant blooms April to May.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: up to 2' to 3'.

Rhododendron viscosum

Rhododendron viscosum
Common Name:
Swamp azalea
Comments:
Abundant white flowers.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 13' to 16'.

Rhynchospora colorata

Native Plants
Common Name:
White topped sedge
Comments:
Showy sedge with white bracts, giving the appearance of white petals.
Hydrology: occasional to regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 2' to 3'.

Rosa palustris

Bird Friendly Plants
Common Name:
Swamp rose
Comments:
Rambling rose with delicate pink flowers June through October.
Hydrology: regular to irregular saturation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 7'.

Rudbeckia hirta

Rudbeckia hirta
Common Name:
Black-eyed susan
Comments:
Native in mountains, piedmont, and coastal plain.
Hydrology: upland.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: variable, to several feet.

Rudbeckia triloba

Native Plants
Common Name:
Brown-eyed susan
Comments:
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: 2' to 5' tall.
S

Sabatia kennedyana

Pollinator Habitat
Common Name:
Plymouth rose-gentian
Comments:
Delicate herb, feathery leaves, showy pink flowers; native to pine savannahs.
Hydrology: moist soils, seasonal inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: 1' to 2'.

Sagittaria lancifolia

Native Plants
Common Name:
Lance-leaved arrowhead
Comments:
Attractive herb, upright long narrow leaves, striking tri-petaled white flowers.
Hydrology: regular to irregular inundation up to 1' deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 2'.

Sagittaria latifolia

Sagittaria latifolia
Common Name:
Duck potato
Comments:
Similar to S. lancifolia, but with arrow shaped leaves.
Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 2' deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 4'.
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native flowering perennial

Salix caroliniana

Common Name:
Carolina willow
Comments:
Small deciduous tree, often with irregularly shaped trunk and arching branches; leaves glaucus beneath.
Hydrology: irregular or seasonal inundation; needs some dry down periods.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 50'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Live stakes

Salix nigra

Common Name:
Black willow
Comments:
Fast growing multi stemmed tree; good for stream bank stabilization.
Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 70'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Live stakes

Salix sericea

Common Name:
Silky willow
Comments:
Deciduous shrub or small tree, leaves have silky undersides.
Hydrology: moist soil or frequent inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 30'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Live stakes

Sambucus canadensis

Pollinator Habitat
Common Name:
Elderberry
Comments:
Medium to large deciduous shrub with large umbels of white flowers and conspicuous purple to black fruits.
Hydrology: irregular to seasonal inundation; somewhat salt tolerant.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 6' to 12'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Live stakes, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native medicinal plant, Native edible fruit

Saururus cernuus

Saururus_cernuus
Common Name:
Lizard's tail
Comments:
Heart shaped leaves and interesting recumbent flower spikes.
Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 1' deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 4'.
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native flowering perennial

Schizachyrium scoparium

Schizachyrium_scoparium2
Common Name:
Little bluestem
Comments:
An important widespread native grass; bluish green in early summer, turning a rich tan-brown and wine-red in fall.
Hydrology: upland.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: 1.5' to 5'.

Schoenoplectus americanus

Common Name:
Swordgrass
Comments:
Rush of medium height with lateral clustered spikelets.
Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 6" deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 5'.
Applications:
Stormwater ponds

Schoenoplectus pungens

Schoenoplectus_pungens
Common Name:
Common three square
Comments:
Rush of medium height with lateral clustered spikelets.
Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 6" deep.
Height: up to 5'.

Schoenoplectus robustus

Storm Water Plants
Common Name:
Salt marsh bulrush
Comments:
Sedge with robust seed heads densely clustered near stem tips.
Hydrology: Brackish water, regular to permanent inundation.
Height: 2' to 4'.

Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani

Native Perennial
Common Name:
Soft stem bulrush
Comments:
A tall rush with reddish spikelets in branched clusters.
Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 1' deep.
Height: up to 10'.
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Deep pool, Native tough perennial

Scirpus cyperinus

Scirpus cyperinus
Common Name:
Woolgrass
Comments:
Tall grass-like sedge with large fuzzy seed heads.
Hydrology: regular to irregular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 6.5'.
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow land, Erosion control, Native tough perennial

Solidago sempervirens

Native Perennial
Common Name:
Seaside goldenrod
Comments:
Salt tolerant goldenrod, yellow flowers.
Hydrology: above mean high tide.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 1' to 6'.

Sorghastrum nutans

Common Name:
Indian grass
Comments:
Tall native grass with golden plume-like head, turns reddish in winter.
Hydrology: upland.
Height: leaves to 3'; seed heads 5' to 6'.

Sparganium americanum

Sparganium americanum
Common Name:
American bur reed
Comments:
Marsh plant surviving in up to 12" of water colonizing by rhizome.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Applications:
Stormwater ponds

Spartina alterniflora

Common Name:
Smooth cordgrass
Comments:
Salt tolerant grass of the marsh intertidal zone.
Hydrology: intertidal zone.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 7'.

Spartina cynosuroides

Common Name:
Giant cordgrass
Comments:
Very tall robust marsh grass.
Hydrology: irregular inundation, salt tolerant.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 9'.

Spartina patens

Common Name:
Salt meadow hay
Comments:
High marsh grass, salt tolerant.
Hydrology: near and above mean high tide.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 3'.

Spiraea tomentosa

Stream Restoration
Common Name:
Hardhack
Comments:
Shrub of bogs, wet meadows, and low woodlands; pink flowers.
Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 1' deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 6.5'.

Stokesia laevis

Stokesia laevis
Common Name:
Stokes aster
Comments:
Showy perennial herb with a basil cluster of dark green leaves, numerous broad light blue to purple flowers.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Applications:
Showy native perennial, Rain gardens, Stormwater ponds, Pollinator habitat

Styrax americanus

Common Name:
American snowbell
Comments:
A showy shrub or small tree with numerous white and gold bell shaped flowers in late spring.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 30'.
Applications:
Showy native landscaping shrub, Stream restoration, Pollinator habitat

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus

Common Name:
Coralberry
Comments:
Erect colonizing multi-stemmed shrub, coral colored berries.
Hydrology: upland to occasional inundation.
Height: up to 5' or 6'.

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum

Native Perennial
Common Name:
Calico aster
Comments:
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
Common Name:
New England aster
Comments:
Inflorescence a many-headed panicle, large showy violet flowers.
Hydrology: regular inundation.
Height: 2' to 6'.

Symphyotrichum oblongifolium

Common Name:
Aromatic aster
Comments:
Woody stemmed dense bush forming herbaceous perennial with numerous blue to purple flowers in autumn.
Wetland indicator status: UPL.
Applications:
Showy native flowering perennial, Native landscaping perennial, Stormwater ponds
T

Taxodium ascendens

Common Name:
Pond cypress
Comments:
A deciduous conifer with characteristic upright turning leaves. Brilliant orange color in late autumn.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: to 60'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Stormwater ponds, Wetland mitigation, Native landscaping tree

Taxodium distichum

Common Name:
Bald cypress
Comments:
Needle-leaved deciduous conifer, tolerates standing water or dry soil.
Hydrology: irregular to permanent inundation.
Height: up to 100'.

Thalia dealbata

Pollinator Plants
Common Name:
Powdery thalia
Comments:
Tall striking plant with broad-bladed leaves and inflorescence of deep purple flowers on long slender stem.
Hydrology: regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.

Tilia americana

Common Name:
Basswood
Comments:
Fast growing deciduous tree with massive displays of fragrant yellow white flowers in midsummer.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 120'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native landscaping tree, Pollinator habitat

Triadenum walteri

Common Name:
Greater marsh St. Johnswort
Comments:
Erect multi-stemmed perennial herb.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: to 4'.

Tripsacum dactyloides

Common Name:
Eastern gamagrass
Comments:
Loosely tufted perennial grass, terminal spikes with spikelets in pairs.
Hydrology: variable from moist soils to occasional inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 7'.

Typha angustifolia

Erosion Control
Common Name:
Narrowleaf cattail
Comments:
Tall grass with showy seed head; forms dense stands of long linear leaves, can tolerate 15 ppt salinity.
Hydrology: irregular to permanent inundation up to 1' deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 10'.

Typha latifolia

Common Name:
Broadleaf cattail
Comments:
Similar to T. angustifolia, but with wider leaves, less salt tolerant (< .5 ppt).
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
U

Ulmus americana

Common Name:
American elm
Comments:
Large deciduous tree with high spreading umbrella like canopy.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: to 120'.
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration
V

Vaccinium corymbosum

Common Name:
Highbush blueberry
Comments:
A deciduous shrub often forming dense thickets with glossy dark green foliage and sweet berries in midsummer.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 12'.
Applications:
Native showy shrub, Native edible, High wildlife value

Verbena hastata

Common Name:
Blue vervain
Comments:
Upright flowering perennial.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Applications:
Stormwater ponds

Vernonia noveboracensis

Vernonia noveboracensis
Common Name:
Ironweed
Comments:
Robust perennial herb, tall leafy stem, numerous purple disk flowers.
Hydrology: irregular inundation, salt tolerant.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 3' to 7'.

Viburnum dentatum

Bare Root Trees
Common Name:
Arrow wood
Comments:
Shrub with arrow-straight stems, opposite leaves, black drupes.
Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: up to 10'.

Viburnum nudum

Viburnum nudum
Common Name:
Possum haw viburnum
Comments:
Showy tardily deciduous native shrub with blue black drupes persisting into midwinter.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 16'.
Applications:
Showy native landscaping shrub, Stream restoration, Wetland mitigation, Pollinator habitat

Viburnum prunifolium

Common Name:
Black haw
Comments:
A deciduous shrub or small tree with creamy white flowers and leaves superficially similar to some species of prunus.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 18'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native landscaping shrub, Stormwater ponds, Pollinator habitat
X

Xanthorhiza simplicissima

Common Name:
Yellow root
Comments:
Low colonizing deciduous shrub.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 36".
Applications:
Native landscaping shrub, Stream restoration
Y

Yucca filamentosa

Common Name:
Yucca
Comments:
Suckering evergreen perennial with characteristic thready filaments along leaf margins. Wetland Indicator Status: UPL.
Height: to 6'.
Applications:
Native flowering perennial, Native landscaping

Plant descriptions by Nina Flack and Sharon Day