Pollinator Habitat

2017 Monarchs at Mellow Marsh!

Pollinators are a major focus at Mellow Marsh Farm.

• We use no herbicides and only Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI) approved insecticides.
• All seed used for plant propagation is hand collected in the wild.
• Our founding owner is an active member of the NC Invasive Plant Council.
• Our MMF Pollinator Seed Mix is specially formulated to support pollinators and pollinator habitat with species selected to bloom throughout the growing season.

Aesculus pavia

Aesculus pavia
Common Name:
Red buckeye
Comments:
Showy understory shrub with attractive crimson flowers in the early spring.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Often multi stemmed with height to 20 feet.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native understory shrub, Native landscaping shrub

Aesculus sylvatica

Aesculus sylvatica
Common Name:
Painted buckeye
Comments:
Showy understory shrub with attractive yellow flowers in the early spring.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Often multi stemmed with height to 20 feet.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native understory shrub, Native landscaping shrub

Amelanchier arborea

Common Name:
Downy service-berry
Comments:
A small tree or shrub with a narrow, round crown and white elongate petals at the branch tip.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: up to 10 meters tall.

Amelanchier canadensis

Common Name:
Serviceberry
Comments:
Multi stemmed shrub or small tree with numerous white flowers early in the season. Fruits (pomes) are dark purple when ripe in June-July. Edible and sweet.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: to 24 feet.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native edible fruit

Amorpha fruticosa

Common Name:
False indigo
Comments:
Shrub in the legume family with spike shaped racemes of purple flowers.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 20'.
Applications:
Stream restoration

Aronia arbutifolia

Live Stakes
Common Name:
Chokeberry
Comments:
Large shrub simple serrate leaf; pinkish to white flowers, black drupe.
Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 15'.

Asclepias incarnata

Native Perennials
Common Name:
Swamp milkweed
Comments:
Attractive deep pink flowers, opposite leaves.
Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 4'.

Asclepias tuberosa

Asclepias tuberosa
Common Name:
Butterfly weed
Comments:
Upland herbaceous plant with bright orange flowers.
Hydrology: tolerates dry poor soils.
Height: up to 1'.

Baptisia alba

Common Name:
White wild indigo
Comments:
Quick growing bushy herbaceous plant with attractive white blossoms held on tall spires.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 4'.
Applications:
Rain gardens, Native landscaping perennial

Borrichia frutescens

Native Plants
Common Name:
Sea ox-eye
Comments:
High marsh herb, salt tolerant, yellow flowers.
Hydrology: above mean high tide.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: .5' to 4'

Callicarpa americana

Callicarpa americana
Common Name:
American beautyberry
Comments:
Deciduous shrub; arching stems; showy fuscia-colored fruits, lovely scent to stems and leaves.
Hydrology: dry to moist soils.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 8'.

Cephalanthus occidentalis

Storm Water Management
Common Name:
Button bush
Comments:
Shrub-tree, white globe-shaped flowers, red foliage and seed heads in fall.
Hydrology: intermittent to permanent inundation, up to 3' deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 12'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Live stakes, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat

Cercis canadensis

Common Name:
Eastern redbud
Comments:
Early flowering small tree bearing pink to purple flowers on both the stems and trunk "cauliflory".
Wetland Indicator Status: UPL.
Height: to 30'.
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration, Pollinator habitat

Chionanthus virginicus

Chionanthus virginicus
Common Name:
Fringe tree
Comments:
Showy native shrub with fragrant early flowers borne on drooping axillary panicles.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 20'.
Applications:
Showy native shrub or small tree, Stream restoration

Clethra alnifolia

Clethra alnifolia
Common Name:
Sweet pepper bush
Comments:
Shrub or small tree with spikes of fragrant white flowers.
Hydrology: intermittent flooding.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 9'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat

Coreopsis lanceolata

Storm Water Management
Common Name:
Lance-leaf coreopsis
Comments:
A herbaceous perennial plant that grows in small clumps with deeply cut leaves and yellow flower heads.
Wetland Indicator Status: UPL.
Height: 1 to 2.5 feet tall.

Cornus amomum

Native Shrub
Common Name:
Silky dogwood
Comments:
Spreading, deciduous shrub; inflorescence a cyme of small white flowers; blue fruits.
Hydrology: seasonal to regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 4' to 10'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Live stakes, Native flowering shrub, Pollinator habitat

Cornus florida

Common Name:
Flowering dogwood
Comments:
Small deciduous tree with showy white bracts in April-May.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 30'.
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration

Echinacea purpurea

Pollinator Plants
Common Name:
Purple coneflower
Comments:
Tall showy inflorescence with purple ray flowers and yellow disc flowers.
Hydrology: upland.
Height: variable, 1' to 4'.

Eryngium aquaticum

Native Perennials
Common Name:
Marsh eryngo
Comments:
Tall herb of the water's edge; purplish-blue flowers in summer.
Hydrology: regularly saturated to irregularly inundated.
Wetland Indicator Status: UPL.
Height: up to 4'.

Eupatorium perfoliatum

Storm Water Plants
Common Name:
Boneset
Comments:
Tall robust herb with white flowers.
Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 5'.

Eutrochium fistulosum

Water Quality Plants
Common Name:
Joe-pye weed
Comments:
Tall robust herb with large heads of small purple flowers.
Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 6'.
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Shallow land, Pollinator habitat, Butterfly habitat, Native flowering perennial

Gaillardia pulchella

Gaillardia pulchella
Common Name:
Indian blanket
Comments:
Showy maroon and gold flower on small branching stems. Tolerates dry soils and varied conditions.
Wetland Indicator Status: UPL.
Applications:
Landscaping wildflower, Showy native perennial, Rain gardens, Pollinator habitat

Helenium autumale

Helenium autumale
Common Name:
Bitterweed
Comments:
Medium to tall bushy herbaceous perennial; numerous yellow flowers from July to frost.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Applications:
Native landscaping wildflower, Stormwater ponds, Pollinator habitat

Helianthus angustifolius

Ecosystem Services
Common Name:
Swamp sunflower
Comments:
Tall leafy sunflower; flowers from July to frost.
Hydrology: variable, frequent to seasonal inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 3' to 7'.

Hibiscus coccineus

Hibiscus coccineus
Common Name:
Scarlet rose mallow
Comments:
Showy large red flower on large perennial plant.
Hydrology: irregularly inundated.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 3'.

Hibiscus moscheutos

Native Perennials
Common Name:
Marsh hibiscus/Rose mallow
Comments:
Showy red, white, or pink flowers; can tolerate dry periods.
Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation up to 3" deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 7'.
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native flowering perennial

Hypericum densiflorum

Hypericum densiflorum
Common Name:
Bushy St. Johnswort
Comments:
Small dense shrub or woody perennial with numerous showy yellow flowers.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 4'.
Applications:
Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat

Ilex glabra

Storm Water Plants
Common Name:
Inkberry
Comments:
Evergreen rhizomatous shrub with black drupes.
Hydrology: irregular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 6' to 12'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native evergreen shrub

Ilex verticillata

Ilex verticillata
Common Name:
Winterberry
Comments:
Multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with brilliant red drupes persisting into midwinter.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 16'.
Applications:
Showy native shrub, Native landscaping shrub, Stormwater ponds, Stream restoration, Erosion control

Kosteletskya virginica

Native Plants
Common Name:
Marsh mallow
Comments:
Tall woody perennial, showy pink flowers, tolerates dryer soils.
Hydrology: above mean high to spring tide.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: 2' to 4'.

Liatris spicata

Pollinator Plants
Common Name:
Blazing star
Comments:
Flowering herb with showy racemes of pink flowers.
Hydrology: variable, regular inundation to dry.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: 3' to 4'.

Lobelia cardinalis

Wetland Mitigation
Common Name:
Cardinal flower
Comments:
Tall leafy herb, showy red flower spikes; attracts butterflies, hummingbirds.
Hydrology: moist soils to regular or permanent inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 4'.

Lobelia elongata

Native Perennials
Common Name:
Blue lobelia
Comments:
Similar to L. cardinalis but with blue flowers.
Hydrology: moist soils to regular or permanent inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 3'.

Monarda fistulosa

Native Perennial
Common Name:
Wild bergamot
Comments:
A showy pinkish flowering plant with aromatic leaves and hollow, greenish-purple stems.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: 2 to 5 feet.

Nelumbo lutea

Bird Friendly Plants
Common Name:
American lotus
Comments:
Rooted floating aquatic, large circular leaves reaching 1 to 3 feet wide. Large showy flowers are yellow, 4 to 10 inches wide when fully open.
Hydrology: permanently inundated, 2' to 5'.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.

Oxydendrum arboreum

Common Name:
Sourwood
Comments:
Small tree or large shrub, with cream white flowers borne in terminal panicles in June-July. Brilliant red foliage in early autumn.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration, Pollinator habitat

Persea borbonia

Common Name:
Swamp bay, Red bay
Comments:
Aromatic evergreen shrub/small tree, shiny leaves, blue-black fruits.
Hydrology: relatively dry to seasonal inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 40'.

Physocarpus opulifolius

Physocarpus opulifolius
Common Name:
Ninebark
Comments:
Showy deciduous shrub with beautiful clusters of bell shaped flowers and characteristic peeling bark.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Applications:
Showy native landscaping shrub, Stream restoration, Pollinator habitat, Live staking

Physostegia virginiana

Common Name:
Obedient plant
Comments:
Showy native flowering perennial with long upright racemes bearing pink flowers. The stem has a characteristic ability to remain bent when moved.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Applications:
Native flowering perennial, Native landscaping plant, Stormwater ponds, Rain gardens, Pollinator habitat

Pontederia cordata

Native Plants
Common Name:
Pickerel weed
Comments:
Robust, succulent herb with spikes of attractive purple flowers, lobed leaves.
Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 1' deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 4'.
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native flowering perennial

Prunus serotina

Common Name:
Black cherry
Comments:
A large deciduous tree often a pioneer of unused fields and fence lines with numerous white flowers in spring followed by dark fruits.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 80'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native landscaping tree, Pollinator habitat, High wildlife value

Ratibida columnifera

Ratibida columnifera
Common Name:
Prairie coneflower
Comments:
Height: 12" to 24" tall.

Ratibida pinnata

Native Plants
Common Name:
Grey-headed coneflower
Comments:
Height: 3' to 5' tall.

Rhododendron arborescens

Native Perennial
Common Name:
Smooth/Sweet azalea
Comments:
Dark green foliage and inconspicuous white flowers, with a smattering of conspicuous brown fruits or seeds.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: up to 18'.

Rhododendron atlanticum

Rhododendron atlanticum
Common Name:
Dwarf azalea
Comments:
Low growing azalea with abundant pinkish-white, fragrant blooms April to May.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Height: up to 2' to 3'.

Rhododendron viscosum

Rhododendron viscosum
Common Name:
Swamp azalea
Comments:
Abundant white flowers.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 13' to 16'.

Rosa palustris

Bird Friendly Plants
Common Name:
Swamp rose
Comments:
Rambling rose with delicate pink flowers June through October.
Hydrology: regular to irregular saturation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 7'.

Rudbeckia hirta

Rudbeckia hirta
Common Name:
Black-eyed susan
Comments:
Native in mountains, piedmont, and coastal plain.
Hydrology: upland.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: variable, to several feet.

Sabatia kennedyana

Pollinator Habitat
Common Name:
Plymouth rose-gentian
Comments:
Delicate herb, feathery leaves, showy pink flowers; native to pine savannahs.
Hydrology: moist soils, seasonal inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: 1' to 2'.

Sambucus canadensis

Pollinator Habitat
Common Name:
Elderberry
Comments:
Medium to large deciduous shrub with large umbels of white flowers and conspicuous purple to black fruits.
Hydrology: irregular to seasonal inundation; somewhat salt tolerant.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 6' to 12'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Live stakes, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native medicinal plant, Native edible fruit

Saururus cernuus

Saururus_cernuus
Common Name:
Lizard's tail
Comments:
Heart shaped leaves and interesting recumbent flower spikes.
Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 1' deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.
Height: up to 4'.
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native flowering perennial

Solidago sempervirens

Native Perennial
Common Name:
Seaside goldenrod
Comments:
Salt tolerant goldenrod, yellow flowers.
Hydrology: above mean high tide.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 1' to 6'.

Spiraea tomentosa

Stream Restoration
Common Name:
Hardhack
Comments:
Shrub of bogs, wet meadows, and low woodlands; pink flowers.
Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 1' deep.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: up to 6.5'.

Stokesia laevis

Stokesia laevis
Common Name:
Stokes aster
Comments:
Showy perennial herb with a basil cluster of dark green leaves, numerous broad light blue to purple flowers.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Applications:
Showy native perennial, Rain gardens, Stormwater ponds, Pollinator habitat

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum

Native Perennial
Common Name:
Calico aster
Comments:
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
Common Name:
New England aster
Comments:
Inflorescence a many-headed panicle, large showy violet flowers.
Hydrology: regular inundation.
Height: 2' to 6'.

Symphyotrichum oblongifolium

Common Name:
Aromatic aster
Comments:
Woody stemmed dense bush forming herbaceous perennial with numerous blue to purple flowers in autumn.
Wetland indicator status: UPL.
Applications:
Showy native flowering perennial, Native landscaping perennial, Stormwater ponds

Thalia dealbata

Pollinator Plants
Common Name:
Powdery thalia
Comments:
Tall striking plant with broad-bladed leaves and inflorescence of deep purple flowers on long slender stem.
Hydrology: regular inundation.
Wetland Indicator Status: OBL.

Tilia americana

Common Name:
Basswood
Comments:
Fast growing deciduous tree with massive displays of fragrant yellow white flowers in midsummer.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 120'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native landscaping tree, Pollinator habitat

Vaccinium corymbosum

Common Name:
Highbush blueberry
Comments:
A deciduous shrub often forming dense thickets with glossy dark green foliage and sweet berries in midsummer.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 12'.
Applications:
Native showy shrub, Native edible, High wildlife value

Verbena hastata

Common Name:
Blue vervain
Comments:
Upright flowering perennial.
Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Applications:
Stormwater ponds

Vernonia noveboracensis

Vernonia noveboracensis
Common Name:
Ironweed
Comments:
Robust perennial herb, tall leafy stem, numerous purple disk flowers.
Hydrology: irregular inundation, salt tolerant.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: 3' to 7'.

Viburnum nudum

Viburnum nudum
Common Name:
Possum haw viburnum
Comments:
Showy tardily deciduous native shrub with blue black drupes persisting into midwinter.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW.
Height: to 16'.
Applications:
Showy native landscaping shrub, Stream restoration, Wetland mitigation, Pollinator habitat

Viburnum prunifolium

Common Name:
Black haw
Comments:
A deciduous shrub or small tree with creamy white flowers and leaves superficially similar to some species of prunus.
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU.
Height: to 18'.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native landscaping shrub, Stormwater ponds, Pollinator habitat

Yucca filamentosa

Common Name:
Yucca
Comments:
Suckering evergreen perennial with characteristic thready filaments along leaf margins. Wetland Indicator Status: UPL.
Height: to 6'.
Applications:
Native flowering perennial, Native landscaping