Pollinator Habitat

Pollinators are a major focus at Mellow Marsh Farm.

• We use no herbicides and only Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI)- http://www.omri.org/about approved insecticides .
• All seed used for plant propagation is hand collected in the wild.
• Our founding owner is an active member of the NC Invasive Plant Council http://nc-ipc.weebly.com/
• Our MMF Pollinator Seed Mix is specially formulated to support pollinators and pollinator habitat with species selected to bloom throughout the growing season.

Aesculus pavia

Aesculus pavia

Common Name:
Red buckeye
Comments:
Showy understory shrub with attractive crimson flowers in the early spring. Wetland indicator status: Fac. Often multi stemmed with height to 20 feet
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native understory shrub, Native landscaping shrub
Aesculus sylvatica

Aesculus sylvatica

Common Name:
Painted buckeye
Comments:
Showy understory shrub with attractive yellow flowers in the early spring. Wetland indicator status: FAC. Often multi stemmed with height to 20 feet.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native understory shrub, Native landscaping shrub
Amelanchier arborea

Amelanchier arborea

Common Name:
Downy Service-Berry
Comments:
A small tree or shrub with a narrow, round crown and white elongate petals at the branch tip. Wetland Indicator Status: FACU Height: Up to 10 meters tall
Amelanchier canadensis

Amelanchier canadensis

Common Name:
Canadian serviceberry
Comments:
Multi stemmed shrub or small tree with numerous white flowers early in the season. Fruits (pomes) are dark purple when ripe in June-July. Edible and sweet. Wetland indicator status: Fac. Height to 24 feet.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native edible fruit
Amorpha fruticosa

Amorpha fruticosa

Common Name:
False indigo bush
Comments:
Shrub in the legume family with spike shaped racemes of purple flowers. Wetland indicator status: FACW. Height to 20'
Applications:
Stream restoration
Andropogon gerardii

Andropogon gerardii

Common Name:
Big Bluestem
Comments:
Native grass, with variable color: inflorescence from bronze to gray blue, plant from red to brown and purple Hydrology: upland to infrequent inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FAC Height: 2.5' to 5'
Andropogon glomeratus

Andropogon glomeratus

Common Name:
Bushy Beard Grass
Comments:
Native grass with reddish leaves and stems; conspicuous bushy seed heads Hydrology: moist to frequently inundated soils Wetland Indicator Status: FACW+ Height : 2'
Andropogon virginicus

Andropogon virginicus

Common Name:
Broomsedge
Comments:
Native grass, reddish stems & leaves, white feathery inflorescence. Hydrology: variable from dry fields to frequent inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FAC- Height: to 3'
Live Stakes

Aronia arbutifolia

Common Name:
Choke Cherry
Comments:
Large shrub simple serrate leaf; pinkish to white flowers, black drupe Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Height: Up to 15'
Native Perennials

Asclepias incarnata

Common Name:
Swamp milkweed
Comments:
Attractive deep pink flowers, opposite leaves Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 4'
Native Perennials

Asclepias tuberosa

Common Name:
Butterfly Weed
Comments:
Upland herbaceous plant with bright orange flowers. Hydrology: Tolerates dry poor soils. Height: up to 1'
Baptisia alba

Baptisia alba

Common Name:
White wild indigo
Comments:
Quick growing bushy herbaceous plant with attractive white blossoms held on tall spires. Wetland Indicator Status: FACU Height to 4'
Applications:
Rain gardens, Native landscaping perennial
Native Plants

Borrichia frutescens

Common Name:
Sea Ox-Eye
Comments:
High marsh herb, salt tolerant, yellow flowers Hydrology: above mean high tide Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: .5 - 4'
Pollinator Plants

Callicarpa americana

Common Name:
Beauty Berry
Comments:
Deciduous shrub; arching stems; showy fuscia-colored fruits, lovely scent to stems and leaves. Hydrology: dry to moist soils Wetland Indicator Status: FACU- Height: to 8'
Storm Water Management

Cephalanthus occidentalis

Common Name:
Button Bush
Comments:
Shrub-tree, white globe-shaped flowers, red foliage and seed heads in fall Hydrology: Intermittent to permanent inundation, up to 3' deep Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 12'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Live stakes, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat
Cercis canadensis

Cercis canadensis

Common Name:
Redbud
Comments:
Early flowering small tree bearing pink to purple flowers on both the stems and trunk "cauliflory" Wetland indicator status: UPL. Height to 30'
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, stream restoration, pollinator habitat.
Chionanthus virginicus

Chionanthus virginicus

Common Name:
Fringe tree
Comments:
Showy native shrub with fragrant early flowers borne on drooping axillary panicles. Wetland Indicator Status: FACU. Height: to 20'.
Applications:
Showy native shrub or small tree, Stream restoration
Stream Restoration

Clethra alnifolia

Common Name:
Sweet Pepperbush
Comments:
Shrub or small tree with spikes of fragrant white flowers Hydrology: intermittent flooding Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Height: up to 9'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat
Storm Water Management

Coreopsis lanceolata

Common Name:
Lance-leaf coreopsis
Comments:
A herbaceous perennial plant that grows in small clumps with deeply cut leaves and yellow flower heads. Hydrology: Wetland Indicator Status: UPL Height: 1-2 1/2 feet tall
Native Shrub

Cornus amomum

Common Name:
Silky Dogwood
Comments:
Spreading, deciduous shrub; inflorescence a cyme of small white flowers; blue fruits Hydrology: seasonal to regular inundation Wetland Indicator Status:FACW+ Height: 4' to 10'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Live stakes, Native flowering shrub, Pollinator habitat
Cornus florida

Cornus florida

Common Name:
Flowering dogwood
Comments:
Small deciduous tree with showy white bracts in April-May. Wetland indicator status: FACU Height to 30'
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration
Pollinator Plants

Echinacea purpurea

Common Name:
Purple Coneflower
Comments:
Tall showy inflorescence with purple ray flowers and yellow disc flowers Hydrology: upland Height: variable, 1' to 4'
Native Perennials

Equisetum hyemale

Common Name:
Horse Tail
Comments:
Reed-like; stems are round, dark green, unbranched, and jointed; Hydrology: irregular flooding. Wetland Indicator Status: FAC+ Height : 2 - 3'
Native Perennials

Eryngium aquaticum

Common Name:
Marsh Eryngo
Comments:
Tall herb of the water's edge; purplish-blue flowers in summer Hydrology: regularly saturated to irregularly inundated Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 4'
Water Quality Plants

Eupatoriadelphus fistulosus

Common Name:
Joe Pye Weed
Comments:
Tall robust herb with large heads of small purple flowers Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation Wetland Indicator Status: FAC+ Height: up to 6'
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Shallow land, Pollinator habitat, Butterfly habitat, Native flowering perennial.
Storm Water Plants

Eupatorium perfoliatum

Common Name:
Bone Set
Comments:
Tall robust herb with white flowers Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW+ Height: up to 5'
Gaillardia pulchella

Gaillardia pulchella

Common Name:
Indian blanket
Comments:
Showy maroon and gold flower on small branching stems. Tolerates dry soils and varied conditions. Wetland indicator status: UPL
Applications:
Landscaping wildflower, Showy native perennial, Rain Gardens, Pollinator habitat
Helenium autumale

Helenium autumale

Common Name:
Bitterweed
Comments:
Medium to tall bushy herbaceous perennial ; numerous yellow flowers from July to frost. Wetland indicator status: FACW
Applications:
Native landscaping wildflower, Stormwater ponds, pollinator habitat
Ecosystem Services

Helianthus angustifolius

Common Name:
Swamp Sunflower
Comments:
Tall leafy sunflower; flowers from July to frost Hydrology: variable, frequent to seasonal inundation Wetland Indicator Status:FAC+ Height: 3' to 7'
Native Plant

Hibiscus coccineus

Common Name:
Red Hibiscus
Comments:
Showy large red flower on large perennial plant Hydrology: irregularly inundated Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 3'
Native Perennials

Hibiscus moscheutos

Common Name:
Marsh Hibiscus
Comments:
Showy red, white, or pink flowers; can tolerate dry periods Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation up to 3" deep Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 7'
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native flowering perennial.
Hypericum densiflorum

Hypericum densiflorum

Common Name:
Bushy St. Johnswort
Comments:
Small dense shrub or woody perennial with numerous showy yellow flowers. Wetland indicator status: FACW Height to 4'
Applications:
Showy native shrub, pollinator habitat
Storm Water Plants

Ilex glabra

Common Name:
Inkberry
Comments:
Evergreen rhizomatous shrub with black drupes Hydrology: irregular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Height: 6-12'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native evergreen shrub
Ilex verticillata

Ilex verticillata

Common Name:
Winterberry
Comments:
Multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with brilliant red drupes persisting into midwinter. Wetland indicator status: FACW. Height to 16'
Applications:
Showy native shrub, Native landscaping shrub, Stormwater ponds, Stream restoration, Erosion control
Native Perennials

Iris fulva

Common Name:
Copper Iris
Comments:
Unusual native, copper-colored flowers Hydrology: regular inundation Height: about 2'
Iris virginica

Iris virginica

Common Name:
Southern Blue Flag
Comments:
Iris with showy blue flowers Hydrology: regularly or permanently up to 6" deep Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 4'
Native Plants

Kosteletskya virginica

Common Name:
Marsh Mallow
Comments:
Tall woody perennial, showy pink flowers, tolerates dryer soils Hydrology: above mean high to spring tide Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: 2 - 4'
Pollinator Plants

Liatris spicata

Common Name:
Blazing Star
Comments:
Flowering herb with showy racemes of pink flowers Hydrology: variable, regular inundation to dry Wetland Indicator Status: FACU Height: 3' to 4'
Wetland Mitigation

Lobelia cardinalis

Common Name:
Cardinal Flower
Comments:
Tall leafy herb, showy red flower spikes; attracts butterflies, humming birds Hydrology: moist soils to regular or permanent inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW+ Height: up to 4'
Native Perennials

Lobelia elongata

Common Name:
Blue Lobelia
Comments:
Similar to L. cardinalis but with blue flowers Hydrology: moist soils to regular or permanent inundation Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 3'
Native Perennial

Monarda fistulosa

Common Name:
Wild Bergamot
Comments:
A showy pinkish flowering plant with aromatic leaves and hollow, greenish-purple stems. Hydrology: Wetland Indicator Status:FACU Height: 2-5 feet
Bird Friendly Plants

Nelumbo lutea

Common Name:
Yellow Lotus
Comments:
Rooted floating aquatic, large circular leaves reaching 1-3 feet wide. Large showy flowers are yellow, 4-10 inches wide when fully open Hydrology: permanently inundated, 2' to 5 ' Wetland Indicator Status: OBL
Oxydendrum arboreum

Oxydendrum arboreum

Common Name:
Sourwood
Comments:
Small tree or large shrub, with cream white flowers borne in terminal panicles in June-July. Brilliant red foliage in early autumn. Wetland indicator status: FACU
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration, Pollinator habitat
Persea borbonia

Persea borbonia

Common Name:
Swamp Bay, Red Bay
Comments:
Aromatic evergreen shrub/small tree, shiny leaves, blue-black fruits Hydrology: relatively dry to seasonal inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Height: up to 40'
Physocarpus opulifolius

Physocarpus opulifolius

Common Name:
Ninebark
Comments:
Showy deciduous shrub with beautiful clusters of bell shaped flowers and characteristic peeling bark. Wetland Indicator Status: FAC.
Applications:
Showy native landscaping shrub, Stream restoration, Pollinator habitat, Live staking
Physostegia virginiana

Physostegia virginiana

Common Name:
Obedient plant
Comments:
Showy native flowering perennial with long upright racemes bearing pink flowers. The stem has a characteristic ability to remain bent when moved. Wetland Indicator Status: FACW
Applications:
Native flowering perennial, Native landscaping plant, Stormwater ponds, Rain gardens, Pollinator habitat.
Native Plants

Pontederia cordata

Common Name:
Pickerel Weed
Comments:
Robust, succulent herb with spikes of attractive purple flowers, lobed leaves Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 1' deep Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 4'
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native flowering perennial.
Prunus serotina

Prunus serotina

Common Name:
Black cherry
Comments:
A large deciduous tree often a pioneer of unused fields and fence lines with numerous white flowers in spring followed by dark fruits. Wetland indicator status: FACU. Height to 80'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native landscaping tree, Pollinator habitat, High wildlife value
Native Perennials

Ratibida columnifera

Common Name:
Prairie Coneflower
Comments:
Hydrology: hydrology Height: available in plugs and quarts
Native Plants

Ratibida pinnata

Common Name:
Grey-headed Coneflower
Comments:
Hydrology: hydrologyp Height: available in quarts
Native Perennial

Rhododendron arborescens

Common Name:
Smooth Azalea
Comments:
Dark green foliage and inconspicuous white flowers, with a smattering of conspicuous brown fruits or seeds. Hydrology: FACW- Height: up to 18'
Pollinator Plants

Rhododendron atlanticum

Common Name:
Dwarf Azalea
Comments:
Low growing azalea with abundant pinkish-white, fragrant blooms April to May. Hydrology: FAC+ Height: up to 2-3'
Native Perennial

Rhododendron viscosum

Common Name:
Swamp Azalea
Comments:
Abundant white flowers . Hydrology: FACW+ Height: up to 13-16'
Bird Friendly Plants

Rosa palustris

Common Name:
Swamp Rose
Comments:
Rambling rose with delicate pink flowers June through October Hydrology: regular to irregular saturation Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 7'
Native Plants

Rudbeckia hirta

Common Name:
Black-eyed Susan
Comments:
Native in mountains, piedmont, and coastal plain Hydrology: upland Wetland Indicator Status: FACU Height: variable, to several feet
Pollinator Habitat

Sabatia kennedyana

Common Name:
Plymouth Rose-gentian
Comments:
Delicate herb, feathery leaves, showy pink flowers; native to pine savannahs Hydrology: moist soils, seasonal inundation Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: 1' to 2'
Pollinator Habitat

Sambucus canadensis

Common Name:
Elderberry
Comments:
Medium to large deciduous shrub with large umbels of white flowers and conspicuous purple to black fruits Hydrology: irregular to seasonal inundation; somewhat salt tolerant Wetland Indicator Status: FACW- Height: 6' to 12'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Live stakes, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native medicinal plant, Native edible fruit
Saururus_cernuus

Saururus cernuus

Common Name:
Lizard Tail
Comments:
Heart shaped leaves and interesting recumbent flower spikes Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 1' deep Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 4'
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native flowering perennial.
Schizachyrium_scoparium2

Schizachyrium scoparium

Common Name:
Little Bluestem
Comments:
An important wide spread native grass; bluish green in early summer, turning a rich tan-brown and wine-red in fall Hydrology: upland Wetland Indicator Status: FACU Height: 1.5' to 5'
Native Perennial

Solidago sempervirens

Common Name:
Seaside Goldenrod
Comments:
Salt tolerant goldenrod, yellow flowers Hydrology: above mean high tide Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Height: 1 - 6'
Stream Restoration

Spiraea tomentosa

Common Name:
Hard Hack
Comments:
Shrub of bogs, wet meadows, and low woodlands; pink flowers Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 1' deep Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Height: up to 6.5'
Stokesia laevis

Stokesia laevis

Common Name:
Stokes aster
Comments:
Showy perennial herb with a basil cluster of dark green leaves numerous broad light blue to purple flowers. Wetland indicator status: FAC
Applications:
Showy native perennial, Rain Gardens, Stormwater ponds, Pollinator habitat
Native Perennial

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum

Common Name:
Calico Aster
Comments:
Hydrology: hydrology Height: available in quarts
Pollinator Plants

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae

Common Name:
New England Aster
Comments:
Inflorescence a many-headed panicle, large showy violet flowers Hydrology: regular inundation Height: 2' to 6'
Symphyotrichum oblongifolium

Symphyotrichum oblongifolium

Common Name:
Aromatic aster
Comments:
Woody stemmed dense bush forming herbaceous perennial with numerous blue to purple flowers in autumn. Wetland indicator status: UPL
Applications:
Showy native flowering perennial, Native landscaping perennial, Stormwater ponds
Pollinator Plants

Thalia dealbata

Common Name:
Powdery Thalia
Comments:
Tall striking plant with broad-bladed leaves and inflorescence of deep purple flowers on long slender stem. Hydrology: regular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: OBL
Tilia americana

Tilia americana

Common Name:
Basswood
Comments:
Fast growing deciduous tree with massive displays of fragrant yellow white flowers in midsummer. Wetland indicator status: FACU. Height to 120'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native Landscaping tree, Pollinator habitat
Vaccinium corymbosum

Vaccinium corymbosum

Common Name:
Highbush blueberry
Comments:
A deciduous shrub often forming dense thickets with glossy dark green foliage and sweet berries in midsummer. Wetland indicator status: FACW. Height to 12'
Applications:
Native showy shrub, Native edible, High wildlife value
Verbena hastata

Verbena hastata

Common Name:
Swamp verbena
Comments:
Upright flowering perennial. Wetland indicator status: FAC
Applications:
Stormwater ponds
Storm Water Plants

Vernonia noveboracensis

Common Name:
Ironweed
Comments:
Robust perennial herb, tall leafy stem, numerous purple disk flowers. Hydrology: irregular inundation, salt tolerant Wetland Indicator Status: FAC+ Height: 3' to 7'
Viburnum nudum

Viburnum nudum

Common Name:
Possumhaw viburnum
Comments:
Showy tardily deciduous native shrub with blue black drupes persisting into midwinter. Wetland indicator status: FACW. Height to 16'
Applications:
Showy native landscaping shrub, Stream restoration, Wetland mitigation, Pollinator habitat
Viburnum prunifolium

Viburnum prunifolium

Common Name:
Blackhaw
Comments:
A deciduous shrub or small tree with creamy white flowers and leaves superficially similar to some species of prunus. Wetland indicator status: FACU. Height to 18'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native landscaping shrub, Stormwater ponds, Pollinator habitat
Yucca filamentosa

Yucca filamentosa

Common Name:
Adams needle
Comments:
Suckering evergreen perennial with characteristic thready filaments along leaf margins. Wetland indicator status: UPL Height: to 6'
Applications:
Native flowering perennial, Native landscaping