Native Plants by Category

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Acer negundo

Common Name:
Boxelder
Comments:
Fast growing deciduous tree with pinnately compound leaves. Wetland Indicator: FAC. Height: to 80 feet tall.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Pioneer tree , Native riparian tree

Acer rubrum

Common Name:
Red maple
Comments:
Fast growing deciduous tree, widely adaptable with beautiful fall foliage. Wetland indicator status: Fac. Height to 90 feet
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native riparian tree, Native landscaping tree

Acorus americanus

Common Name:
Sweetflag
Comments:
Iris-like, aromatic leaves Hydrology: up to 6" water Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: 1 - 4 '
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native perennial.

Acorus calamus

Common Name:
Sweet Flag
Comments:
Iris-like, aromatic leaves Hydrology: up to 6" water Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: 1 - 4 '

Acorus calamus variegated

Common Name:
Variegated Sweet Flag
Comments:
Iris-like, aromatic leaves Hydrology: up to 6" water Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: 3 sizes available

Aesculus pavia

Common Name:
Red buckeye
Comments:
Showy understory shrub with attractive crimson flowers in the early spring. Wetland indicator status: Fac. Often multi stemmed with height to 20 feet
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native understory shrub, Native landscaping shrub

Aesculus sylvatica

Common Name:
Painted buckeye
Comments:
Showy understory shrub with attractive yellow flowers in the early spring. Wetland indicator status: Fac. Often multi stemmed with height to 20 feet
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native understory shrub, Native landscaping shrub

Alnus serrulata

Common Name:
Tag Alder
Comments:
Broad-leaved deciduous shrub with persistent seed cones Hydrology: seasonally to regularly inundated Wetland Indicator Status: FACW+ Height: 12 - 20'

Amelanchier arborea

Common Name:
Downy Service-Berry
Comments:
A small tree or shrub with a narrow, round crown and white elongate petals at the branch tip. Wetland Indicator Status: FACU Height: Up to 10 meters tall

Amelanchier canadensis

Common Name:
Canadian serviceberry
Comments:
Multi stemmed shrub or small tree with numerous white flowers early in the season. Fruits (pomes) are dark purple when ripe in June-July. Edible and sweet. Wetland indicator status: Fac. Height to 24 feet.
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native edible fruit

Amorpha fruticosa

Common Name:
False indigo bush
Comments:
Shrub in the legume family with spike shaped racemes of purple flowers. Wetland indicator status: FACW. Height to 20'
Applications:
Stream restoration

Andropogon gerardii

Common Name:
Big Bluestem
Comments:
Native grass, with variable color: inflorescence from bronze to gray blue, plant from red to brown and purple Hydrology: upland to infrequent inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FAC Height: 2.5' to 5'

Andropogon glomeratus

Common Name:
Bushy Beard Grass
Comments:
Native grass with reddish leaves and stems; conspicuous bushy seed heads Hydrology: moist to frequently inundated soils Wetland Indicator Status: FACW+ Height : 2'

Andropogon virginicus

Common Name:
Broomsedge
Comments:
Native grass, reddish stems & leaves, white feathery inflorescence. Hydrology: variable from dry fields to frequent inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FAC- Height: to 3'

Aronia arbutifolia

Common Name:
Choke Cherry
Comments:
Large shrub simple serrate leaf; pinkish to white flowers, black drupe Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Height: Up to 15'

Asclepias incarnata

Common Name:
Swamp milkweed
Comments:
Attractive deep pink flowers, opposite leaves Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 4'

Asclepias tuberosa

Common Name:
Butterfly Weed
Comments:
Upland herbaceous plant with bright orange flowers. Hydrology: Tolerates dry poor soils. Height: up to 1'

Asimina triloba

Common Name:
Paw Paw
Comments:
Clonal understory tree with large simple leaves and edible fruits. Wetland indicator status: FAC. Height to 35'
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Native Edible, Stream restoration, High wildlife value

Athyrium filix-femina

Common Name:
Southern ladyfern
Comments:
Native fern common in damp woodlands with attractive feathery foliage.
Applications:
Native landscaping fern

Bacopa caroliniana

Common Name:
Carolina water hyssop
Comments:
An aquatic creeping perennial herb. Leaves are succulent and have a lemon scent when crushed. Wetland Indicator Status: OBL
Applications:
Native aquatic perennial, Storm water ponds

Baptisia alba

Common Name:
White wild indigo
Comments:
Quick growing bushy herbaceous plant with attractive white blossoms held on tall spires. Wetland Indicator Status: FACU Height to 4'
Applications:
Rain gardens, Native landscaping perennial

Betula nigra

Common Name:
River birch
Comments:
Small tree, attractive flaking bark Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Height: 50' to 75'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native riparian tree, Native landscaping tree

Borrichia frutescens

Common Name:
Sea Ox-Eye
Comments:
High marsh herb, salt tolerant, yellow flowers Hydrology: above mean high tide Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: .5 - 4'

Bouteloua curtipendula

Common Name:
Sideoats Grama
Comments:
Fine leaved, sod-forming native grass with oat like seeds. Hydrology: dry soils, drought tolerant Height: 12"

Callicarpa americana

Common Name:
Beauty Berry
Comments:
Deciduous shrub; arching stems; showy fuscia-colored fruits, lovely scent to stems and leaves. Hydrology: dry to moist soils Wetland Indicator Status: FACU- Height: to 8'

Calycanthus floridus

Common Name:
Sweetshrub
Comments:
Showy deciduous shrub with fragrant bark and flowers with fleshy burgandy tepals. Wetland indicator status: FACU. Height to 12'
Applications:
Showy native landscaping shrub, Stormwater ponds

Canna flaccida

Common Name:
Yellow Canna
Comments:
Large yellow flowers appearing above broad, light green leaves Hydrology: seasonal to regular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: 4' to 5'

Carex crinita

Common Name:
Fringed Sedge
Comments:
Tall, grass-like sedge with drooping seed heads Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW+ Height: up to 2'

Carex glaucescens

Common Name:
Southern Waxy Sedge
Comments:
Grass-like sedge with bluish color and terminal spikes Hydrology: seasonal to continuous inundation Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: 2' to 4'

Carex grayi

Common Name:
Gray's Sedge
Comments:
Pretty sedge with interesting seed head Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Height: up to 2'

Carex intumescens

Common Name:
Carex
Comments:
Clump-forming, medium sized carex Hydrology: irregular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Height: up to 3'

Carex lupulina

Common Name:
Carex
Comments:
Grass-like sedge with pineapple-shaped seed head Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 4'

Carex lurida

Common Name:
Lurid Sedge
Comments:
Grass-like sedge forming large clumps Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: about 1'
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native tough perennial.

Carex stricta

Common Name:
Tussock Sedge
Comments:
Grass-like sedge forming mounds or tussocks Hydrology: intermittent or permanent inundation, up to 6" deep Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 3.5'

Carex vulpinoides

Common Name:
Fox Sedge
Comments:
A bunch type sedge with small yellow-green leaves. Hydrology: Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: 1-3 feet

Carpinus caroliniana

Common Name:
Ironwood
Comments:
A small deciduous tree with white flowers that bloom at the branch tip, and attractive fall foliage. Wetland Indicator Status: FAC Height: To 30 feet tall

Carya aquatica

Common Name:
Water hickory
Comments:
A large deciduous tree of floodplains and bottomlands. Wetland indicator status: OBL Height: to 98'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native riparian tree

Carya glabra

Common Name:
Pignut hickory
Comments:
Large deciduous tree with abundant pear shaped nuts in September-October. Attractive golden Fall foliage.
Applications:
Native Landscaping tree, Stream restoration, Mast producing native

Carya ovata

Common Name:
Shagbark hickory
Comments:
Large Deciduous tree with characteristic shaggy bark. Abundant sweet nuts in September-October and brilliant golden fall foliage. Wetland Indicator Status: FACU Height: to 120'
Applications:
Native Landscaping tree, Stream restoration, Mast producing native

Carya tomentosa

Common Name:
Mockernut hickory
Comments:
Large Deciduous tree. Abundant sweet nuts in September-October and brilliant golden fall foliage. Wetland Indicator Status: FACU Height: to 120'
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration, Mast producing native

Celtis laevigata

Common Name:
Sugarberry
Comments:
Medium sized deciduous tree with characteristic warty bark. Height to 60'
Applications:
Stream restoration

Celtis occidentalis

Common Name:
Hackberry
Comments:
Medium sized deciduous tree. Wetland indicator status FACU. Height to 60'
Applications:
Stream restoration

Cephalanthus occidentalis

Common Name:
Button Bush
Comments:
Shrub-tree, white globe-shaped flowers, red foliage and seed heads in fall Hydrology: Intermittent to permanent inundation, up to 3' deep Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 12'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Live stakes, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat

Cercis canadensis

Common Name:
Redbud
Comments:
Early flowering small tree bearing pink to purple flowers on both the stems and trunk "cauliflory" Wetland indicator status: UPL. Height to 30'
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, stream restoration, pollinator habitat.

Chamaecyparis thyoides

Common Name:
Atlantic White Cedar
Comments:
Medium-sized evergreen tree, similar to Juniperus virginiana. Hydrology: obligate wetland; tidal or seasonal flooding. Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: to 90'

Chasmanthium latifolium

Common Name:
River Oats
Comments:
Grass with graceful arching panicle Hydrology: regular to irregular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FAC- Height: 2 - 2.5'

Chelone glabra

Common Name:
White turtlehead
Comments:
Wetland and riparian herb with white flowers borne on stout stems. Wetland indicator status OBL. Height to 36"
Applications:
Storm water ponds

Chionanthus virginicus

Common Name:
Fringe tree
Comments:
Showy native shrub with fragrant early flowers borne on drooping axillary panicles. Wetland indicator status: FACU Height: to 20'
Applications:
Showy native shrub or small tree, Stream restoration

Cladium jamaicense

Common Name:
Saw Grass
Comments:
Very tall grass of fresh and brackish marshes, lower leaf margins with saw teeth, inflorescence with 3 to 4 spirally-arranged scales Hydrology: regular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 9'

Clethra alnifolia

Common Name:
Sweet Pepperbush
Comments:
Shrub or small tree with spikes of fragrant white flowers Hydrology: intermittent flooding Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Height: up to 9'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat

Coreopsis lanceolata

Common Name:
Lance-leaf coreopsis
Comments:
A herbaceous perennial plant that grows in small clumps with deeply cut leaves and yellow flower heads. Hydrology: Wetland Indicator Status: UPL Height: 1-2 1/2 feet tall

Cornus amomum

Common Name:
Silky Dogwood
Comments:
Spreading, deciduous shrub; inflorescence a cyme of small white flowers; blue fruits Hydrology: seasonal to regular inundation Wetland Indicator Status:FACW+ Height: 4' to 10'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Live stakes, Native flowering shrub, Pollinator habitat

Cornus florida

Common Name:
Flowering dogwood
Comments:
Small deciduous tree with showy white bracts in April-May. Wetland indicator status: FACU Height to 30'
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration

Cornus foemina

Common Name:
Swamp dogwood
Comments:
Spreading, deciduous shrub; inflorescence a cyme of small white flowers; blue fruits Hydrology: tolerates regular inundation Wetland Indicator Status:FACW Height: 4' to 10'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Stormwater ponds

Corylus americana

Common Name:
Hazelnut
Comments:
Spreading understory shrub bearing long catkins in late winter and sweet edible nuts in August-September. Wetland indicator status: FACU height to 20'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native landscaping shrub, Native edible, Native mast producer

Cyrilla racemiflora

Common Name:
Titi
Comments:
Tall shrub or tree; semi evergreen; dangling racemes of white flowers Hydrology: regular to irregular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Height: up to 25'

Dichanthelium clandestinum

Common Name:
Deer Tongue
Comments:
Rhizomatous perennial grass. Wetland indicator status: FACW
Applications:
Stormwater ponds

Diospyros virginiana

Common Name:
Persimmon
Comments:
Understory tree; large fruits; good wildlife value Hydrology: Upland Height: to 50' Wetland Indicator Status: OBL

Distichlis spicata

Common Name:
Salt Grass
Comments:
High marsh habitat, grass-like, tolerates high salinity Hydrology: above mean high tide Wetland Indicator Status: FACW+ Height: up to 16 "

Dulichium arundinaceum

Common Name:
Three-Way Sedge
Comments:
Conspicuously 3-sided sedge; also known as "mini bamboo" Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation; edges of bogs, marshes, ponds, streams Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: 1.5' to 3'

Echinacea purpurea

Common Name:
Purple Coneflower
Comments:
Tall showy inflorescence with purple ray flowers and yellow disc flowers Hydrology: upland Height: variable, 1' to 4'

Eleocharis obtusa

Common Name:
Spike Rush
Comments:
Annual found in wet meadows, high wildlife value Hydrology: regular to semi-permanent flooding Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: .5 - 2'

Eleocharis quadrangulata

Common Name:
Spike Rush
Comments:
Unique-looking rush, distinctly 4-sided Hydrology: permanent inundation, marshy shores, pond edges Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: 2' to 4'

Elymus hystrix

Common Name:
Boyttlebrush Grass
Comments:
A bristle-like tall grass with seed heads like a bottlebrush. Grows in clumps. Hydrology: Wetland Indicator Status: UPL Height: 3-5 feet tall

Elymus virginicus

Common Name:
Virginia Wild Rye
Comments:
A showy grain-like grass with heads spiked with awns, and green basal leaves. Hydrology: Wetland Indicator Status:FAC Height: 4-5 feet

Equisetum hyemale

Common Name:
Horse Tail
Comments:
Reed-like; stems are round, dark green, unbranched, and jointed; Hydrology: irregular flooding. Wetland Indicator Status: FAC+ Height : 2 - 3'

Eragrostis spectabilis

Common Name:
Purple Lovegrass
Comments:
Fine-leaved, clump-forming grass; reddish/purplish seed heads Hydrology: dry soils Height: 1' to 3'

Eryngium aquaticum

Common Name:
Marsh Eryngo
Comments:
Tall herb of the water's edge; purplish-blue flowers in summer Hydrology: regularly saturated to irregularly inundated Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 4'

Eubotrys racemosa

Common Name:
Swamp doghobble
Comments:
Tardily deciduous shrub with delicate bell shape flowers on racemes. Wetland indicator status: FACW Height to 6'
Applications:
Native landscaping shrub, Stormwater ponds, Wetland mitigation, Pollinator habitat.

Euonymus americanus

Common Name:
Strawberry Bush
Comments:
Striking fuchsia-colored seed capsule opens to expose bright red seeds Hydrology: saturated to upland Wetland Indicator Status: FAC- Height: up to 6'

Eupatoriadelphus fistulosus

Common Name:
Joe Pye Weed
Comments:
Tall robust herb with large heads of small purple flowers Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation Wetland Indicator Status: FAC+ Height: up to 6'
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Shallow land, Pollinator habitat, Butterfly habitat, Native flowering perennial.

Eupatorium perfoliatum

Common Name:
Bone Set
Comments:
Tall robust herb with white flowers Hydrology: irregular to regular saturation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW+ Height: up to 5'

Fagus grandifolia

Common Name:
American beech
Comments:
Shade tolerant smooth barked late successional deciduous tree. Wetland indicator status: FACU. Height to 120'
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration

Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Common Name:
Green Ash
Comments:
Fast growing canopy tree, opposite compound leaves Hydrology: irregular to permanent inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Height: Up to 7'

Fraxinus profunda

Common Name:
Pumpkin Ash
Comments:
Large deciduous tree, opposite compound leaves; seeds are conspicuous samaras Hydrology: infrequent to continuous inundation Wetland Indicator Status: OBL

Gaillardia pulchella

Common Name:
Indian blanket
Comments:
Showy maroon and gold flower on small branching stems. Tolerates dry soils and varied conditions. Wetland indicator status: UPL
Applications:
Landscaping wildflower, Showy native perennial, Rain Gardens, Pollinator habitat

Hamamelis virginiana

Common Name:
Witch Hazel
Comments:
Small deciduous tree, early spring flowers; deeply veined serrate leaves Hydrology: Upland Wetland Indicator Status: FACU Height: Up to 15'

Helenium autumale

Common Name:
Bitterweed
Comments:
Medium to tall bushy herbaceous perennial ; numerous yellow flowers from July to frost. Wetland indicator status: FACW
Applications:
Native landscaping wildflower, Stormwater ponds, pollinator habitat

Helianthus angustifolius

Common Name:
Swamp Sunflower
Comments:
Tall leafy sunflower; flowers from July to frost Hydrology: variable, frequent to seasonal inundation Wetland Indicator Status:FAC+ Height: 3' to 7'

Hibiscus coccineus

Common Name:
Red Hibiscus
Comments:
Showy large red flower on large perennial plant Hydrology: irregularly inundated Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 3'

Hibiscus moscheutos

Common Name:
Marsh Hibiscus
Comments:
Showy red, white, or pink flowers; can tolerate dry periods Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation up to 3" deep Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 7'
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native flowering perennial.

Hypericum densiflorum

Common Name:
Bushy St. Johnswort
Comments:
Small dense shrub or woody perennial with numerous showy yellow flowers. Wetland indicator status: FACW Height to 4'
Applications:
Showy native shrub, pollinator habitat

Ilex decidua

Common Name:
Possum Haw
Comments:
Broad-leaved deciduous shrub; tolerates full shade; orange/red berries Hydrology: Upland to irregular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW- Height: up to 20'

Ilex glabra

Common Name:
Inkberry
Comments:
Evergreen rhizomatous shrub with black drupes Hydrology: irregular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Height: 6-12'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native evergreen shrub

Ilex opaca

Common Name:
American holly
Comments:
Medium sized broadleaf evergreen tree with numerous bright red drupes. Wetland indicator status: FACU. Height to 80'
Applications:
Native landscaping tree

Ilex verticillata

Common Name:
Winterberry
Comments:
Multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with brilliant red drupes persisting into midwinter. Wetland indicator status: FACW. Height to 16'
Applications:
Showy native shrub, Native landscaping shrub, Stormwater ponds, Stream restoration, Erosion control

Ilex vomitoria

Common Name:
Yaupon
Comments:
Hydrology: Wetland Indicator Status: FAC Height:

Iris fulva

Common Name:
Copper Iris
Comments:
Unusual native, copper-colored flowers Hydrology: regular inundation Height: about 2'

Iris virginica

Common Name:
Southern Blue Flag
Comments:
Iris with showy blue flowers Hydrology: regularly or permanently up to 6" deep Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 4'

Itea virginica

Common Name:
Virginia Sweetspire
Comments:
Shrub with white bell-shaped flowers in dense drooping racemes Hydrology: regular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW+ Height: up to 10'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Showy native shrub, Pollinator habitat

Juglans nigra

Common Name:
Black walnut
Comments:
Large deciduous tree with long odd pinnate leaves and numerous large nuts (fruits falling in Sept-Oct) Wetland Indicator status: FACU
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration, Native edible, Native mast producer

Juncus coriaceus

Common Name:
Leathery Rush
Comments:
Spreading tufted perennial rush Hydrology: infrequent to regular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Height: 1' to 2'

Juncus effusus

Common Name:
Soft rush
Comments:
Grass-like rush with stiff stems, 3 - 4 feet tall, grows in clumps; Hydrology: inundation up to 1'; prefers a dry down period Wetland Indicator Status: FACW+ Height: up to 3.5'
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Swales, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Shallow land, Erosion control, Native tough perennial.

Juncus roemerianus

Common Name:
Black Needle Rush
Comments:
Similar to J. effusus but found in brackish marshes Hydrology: above mean high tide, fresh to brackish Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 4'

Juniperus virginiana

Common Name:
Eastern Red Cedar
Comments:
A dense slow growing tree with adapressed scale-like leaves and berry-like seed cones. Hydrology Wetland Indicator Status: FACU- Height: Up to 60 feet

Kalmia latifolia

Common Name:
Mountain laurel
Comments:
Evergreen shrub with showy light pink to white flower clusters in May-June. Wetland indicator status: FACU. Height to 15'
Applications:
Showy native shrub, Landscaping native, Stream restoration

Kosteletskya virginica

Common Name:
Marsh Mallow
Comments:
Tall woody perennial, showy pink flowers, tolerates dryer soils Hydrology: above mean high to spring tide Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: 2 - 4'

Leersia oryzoides

Common Name:
Rice Cutgrass
Comments:
Tall grass resembling rice Hydrology: tidal to irregular inundation, tolerates some drought Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: 2' to 6'

Lemna spp.

Common Name:
Duck Weed
Comments:
Tiny floating aquatic with good wildlife and water treatment value Floats on surface of lakes, ponds, and slow-moving streams Wetland Indicator Status: OBL

Leucothoe racemosa

Common Name:
Fetterbush
Comments:
A showy evergreen shrub with pink flowers that are an important source of nectar, and leathery leaves that are pointed at the tips. Wetland Indicator Status:FACW Height: 3-9 feet tall

Liatris spicata

Common Name:
Blazing Star
Comments:
Flowering herb with showy racemes of pink flowers Hydrology: variable, regular inundation to dry Wetland Indicator Status: FACU Height: 3' to 4'

Lindera benzoin

Common Name:
Spice Bush
Comments:
Shrub with aromatic stems and leaves, red stems and red fall foliage Hydrology: seasonally inundated Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Height: 6 - 12'

Liquidambar styraciflua

Common Name:
Sweetgum
Comments:
Large deciduous tree often a pioneer of unused fields and roadsides with distinctive spiked compound fruit. Wetland indicator status: Fac. Height to 120'
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration

Liriodendron tulipifera

Common Name:
Tulip poplar
Comments:
Very large deciduous tree with uniquely shaped four lobed simple leaves and large showy flowers. Often a pioneer of unused fields and roadsides. Wetland indicator status: FACU. Height to 150'
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration, Pioneer species

Lobelia cardinalis

Common Name:
Cardinal Flower
Comments:
Tall leafy herb, showy red flower spikes; attracts butterflies, humming birds Hydrology: moist soils to regular or permanent inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW+ Height: up to 4'

Lobelia elongata

Common Name:
Blue Lobelia
Comments:
Similar to L. cardinalis but with blue flowers Hydrology: moist soils to regular or permanent inundation Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 3'

Lyonia lucida

Common Name:
Fetterbush
Comments:
Broadleaf evergreen colony forming shrub with delicate bell shaped flowers on a drooping panicle Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Height: to 6'
Applications:
Showy native shrub, Stream restoration

Magnolia tripetela

Common Name:
Umbrella magnolia
Comments:
Medium sized deciduous magnolia with extraordinarily large white flowers and large leaves forming umbrella like clusters on the tips of the branches. Wetland indicator status: FACU
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration

Magnolia virginiana

Common Name:
Sweetbay magnolia
Comments:
A small semi-deciduous tree with glossy foliage and showy white flowers. Wetland indicator status: FACW. Height to 40'
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration

Monarda fistulosa

Common Name:
Wild Bergamot
Comments:
A showy pinkish flowering plant with aromatic leaves and hollow, greenish-purple stems. Hydrology: Wetland Indicator Status:FACU Height: 2-5 feet

Morella cerifera

Common Name:
Wax Myrtle
Comments:
Aromatic evergreen shrub or small tree with waxy bluish berries Hydrology: regularly inundated Wetland Indicator Status: FAC+ Height: up to 30'

Muhlenbergia capillarisa

Common Name:
Sweet Grass
Comments:
A wispy, purple-flowered grass with wirelike and unbranched stems and leaves. Hydrology: Wetland Indicator Status: FACU Height: Up to 3 feet

Nelumbo lutea

Common Name:
Yellow Lotus
Comments:
Rooted floating aquatic, large circular leaves reaching 1-3 feet wide. Large showy flowers are yellow, 4-10 inches wide when fully open Hydrology: permanently inundated, 2' to 5 ' Wetland Indicator Status: OBL

Nuphar advena

Common Name:
Spatterdock, Cow Lily
Comments:
Aquatic herb with round floating leaves and attractive yellow flowers; Hydrology: grows in 1 - 3 feet of water Wetland Indicator Status: OBL

Nymphaea odorata

Common Name:
Fragrant White Lily
Comments:
Rooted aquatic with floating leaves, green above and purplish beneath. Flowers are showy white with yellow stamens Hydrology: permanent inundation, 1' to 3' Wetland Indicator Status: OBL

Nyssa aquatica

Common Name:
Water Tupelo
Comments:
Deciduous tree with broad, simple leaves; fruits are dark blue drupes Hydrology: frequent to permanent inundation Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: 75' to 100'

Nyssa biflora

Common Name:
Tupelo Gum

Nyssa sylvatica

Common Name:
Black Gum
Comments:
Understory tree, red foliage in fall, black drupes Hydrology: upland and irregular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FAC Height: up to 50'

Onoclea sensibilis

Common Name:
Sensitive Fern
Comments:
Leathery light green fern with pairs of bead like spore cases Hydrology: moist soils to frequent inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Height: up to 2'

Orontium aquaticum

Common Name:
Golden Club
Comments:
Unique gold tipped flower on white stalk. Leaves are dark green and waxy Hydrology: permanent inundation or wet soil Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: 8" to 2'

Osmunda cinnamomea

Common Name:
Cinnamon Fern
Comments:
Large showy fern, with cinnamon-colored fertile fronds Hydrology: irregular to permanent saturation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW+ Height: up to 5'

Osmunda regalis

Common Name:
Royal Fern
Comments:
text fertile fronds Hydrology: text Wetland Indicator Status: OBL

Oxydendrum arboreum

Common Name:
Sourwood
Comments:
Small tree or large shrub, with cream white flowers borne in terminal panicles in June-July. Brilliant red foliage in early autumn. Wetland indicator status: FACU
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration, Pollinator habitat

Panicum rigidulum

Common Name:
Redtop Panicgrass

Panicum virgatum

Common Name:
Switchgrass
Comments:
Tall sod-forming native; very drought resistant Hydrology: tolerates extremely variable conditions, saturated to very dry Wetland Indicator Status: FAC+ Height: up to 5'

Peltandra virginica

Common Name:
Arrow Arum
Comments:
Aquatic herb, grows in 1 - 3 feet of water, large arrow-shaped leaves. Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 1' deep Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 2'
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native flowering perennial.

Persea borbonia

Common Name:
Swamp Bay, Red Bay
Comments:
Aromatic evergreen shrub/small tree, shiny leaves, blue-black fruits Hydrology: relatively dry to seasonal inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Height: up to 40'

Physocarpus opulifolius

Common Name:
Ninebark
Comments:
Showy deciduous shrub with beautiful clusters of bell shaped flowers and characteristic peeling bark. Wetland indicator status: FAC
Applications:
Showy native landscaping shrub, Stream restoration, Pollinator habitat, Live staking

Physostegia virginiana

Common Name:
Obedient plant
Comments:
Showy native flowering perennial with long upright racemes bearing pink flowers. The stem has a characteristic ability to remain bent when moved. Wetland Indicator Status: FACW
Applications:
Native flowering perennial, Native landscaping plant, Stormwater ponds, Rain gardens, Pollinator habitat.

Pinckneya bracteata

Common Name:
Fever Tree
Comments:
Deciduous shrub with showy pink flowers; reddish brown pubescent twigs Hydrology: moist soils to occasional inundation Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: 4' to 10'

Platanus occidentalis

Common Name:
Sycamore
Comments:
Fast growing broad-leafed deciduous tree Hydrology: irregular to seasonal inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW- Height: 75 - 100'

Polystichum acrostichoide

Common Name:
Christmas fern
Comments:
Evergreen fern forming small to medium size clumps in moist woodlands. Wetland indicator status: FACU. Height: to 36"
Applications:
Native landscaping fern

Pontederia cordata

Common Name:
Pickerel Weed
Comments:
Robust, succulent herb with spikes of attractive purple flowers, lobed leaves Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 1' deep Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 4'
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native flowering perennial.

Populus deltoides

Common Name:
Cottonwood
Comments:
Large fast growing deciduous tree of floodplains and river banks. Wetland indicator status: FAC. Height: to 90'
Applications:
Stream restoration

Prunus serotina

Common Name:
Black cherry
Comments:
A large deciduous tree often a pioneer of unused fields and fence lines with numerous white flowers in spring followed by dark fruits. Wetland indicator status: FACU. Height to 80'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native landscaping tree, Pollinator habitat, High wildlife value

Quercus alba

Common Name:
White oak
Comments:
A long lived deciduous oak with seven to nine lobed leaves. Wetland indicator status: FACU. Height to 120'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native landscaping tree, Native mast producing tree, High wildlife value

Quercus bicolor

Common Name:
Swamp white oak
Comments:
A medium sized oak with ovoid shallowly lobed leaves. Wetland indicator status: FACW. Height to 80'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native mast producing tree, High wildlife value

Quercus coccinea

Common Name:
Scarlet Oak
Comments:
Large canopy oak; leaves with deeply cut sinuses Hydrology: upland to occasional inundation Height: 100' or more

Quercus falcata

Common Name:
Southern red oak
Comments:
A medium to large deciduous oak with a characteristic long and narrow central lobe relative to other red oaks. Wetland Indicator status: FACU. Height to 80'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native landscaping tree, Native mast producing tree, High wildlife value

Quercus lyrata

Common Name:
Overcup oak
Comments:
A medium sized deciduous oak with acorns nearly completely enclosed in the cup. Wetland indicator status: OBL Height: to 60'

Quercus michauxii

Common Name:
Swamp Chestnut Oak
Comments:
Large canopy oak with chestnut-like leaves Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW- Height: Up to 135'

Quercus nigra

Common Name:
Water oak
Comments:
A medium sized tardily deciduous oak with . Wetland indicator status: FAC. Height to 100'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native mast producing tree, High wildlife value

Quercus palustris

Common Name:
Pin oak
Comments:
A deciduous oak with a characteristic spreading crown in mature trees. Wetland indicator status: FACW. Height to 72'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native landscaping tree, Native mast producing tree, High wildlife value

Quercus phellos

Common Name:
Willow Oak
Comments:
Large, fast growing oak with willow-like leaves Hydrology: Irregular to seasonal inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FACW- Height: Up to 80'

Quercus rubra

Common Name:
Northern red oak
Comments:
Large deciduous oak with seven to nine lobed dentate leaves. Wetland indicator status: FACU. Height to 120'
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration, Showy Fall color, Native mast producing tree, High wildlife value

Quercus shumardii

Common Name:
Shumards oak
Comments:
A large deciduous red oak with seven to nine lobed dentate leaves. Wetland indicator status: FACW
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration, Native mast producing tree, high wildlife value

Ratibida columnifera

Common Name:
Prairie Coneflower
Comments:
Hydrology: hydrology Height: available in plugs and quarts

Ratibida pinnata

Common Name:
Grey-headed Coneflower
Comments:
Hydrology: hydrologyp Height: available in quarts

Rhododendron arborescens

Common Name:
Smooth Azalea
Comments:
Dark green foliage and inconspicuous white flowers, with a smattering of conspicuous brown fruits or seeds. Hydrology: FACW- Height: up to 18'

Rhododendron atlanticum

Common Name:
Dwarf Azalea
Comments:
Low growing azalea with abundant pinkish-white, fragrant blooms April to May. Hydrology: FAC+ Height: up to 2-3'

Rhododendron viscosum

Common Name:
Swamp Azalea
Comments:
Abundant white flowers . Hydrology: FACW+ Height: up to 13-16'

Rhynchospora colorata

Common Name:
White Top Sedge
Comments:
Showy sedge with white bracts, giving the appearance of white petals Hydrology: occasional to regular inundation Height: 2' to 3'

Rosa palustris

Common Name:
Swamp Rose
Comments:
Rambling rose with delicate pink flowers June through October Hydrology: regular to irregular saturation Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 7'

Rudbeckia hirta

Common Name:
Black-eyed Susan
Comments:
Native in mountains, piedmont, and coastal plain Hydrology: upland Wetland Indicator Status: FACU Height: variable, to several feet

Sabatia kennedyana

Common Name:
Plymouth Rose-gentian
Comments:
Delicate herb, feathery leaves, showy pink flowers; native to pine savannahs Hydrology: moist soils, seasonal inundation Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: 1' to 2'

Sagittaria lancifolia

Common Name:
Narrow Leaf Sagittaria
Comments:
Attractive herb, upright long narrow leaves, striking tri-petaled white flowers Hydrology: regular to irregular inundation up to 1' deep Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 2'

Sagittaria latifolia

Common Name:
Arrowhead & Duck Potato
Comments:
Similar to S. lancifolia, but with arrow shaped leaves Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 2' deep Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 4'
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native flowering perennial.

Salix caroliniana

Common Name:
Carolina Willow
Comments:
Small deciduous tree, often with irregularly shaped trunk and arching branches; leaves glaucus beneath Hydrology: irregular or seasonal inundation; needs some dry down periods Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 50'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Live stakes

Salix nigra

Common Name:
Black Willow
Comments:
Fast growing multi stemmed tree; good for stream bank stabilization Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 70'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Live stakes

Salix sericea

Common Name:
Silky Willow
Comments:
Deciduous shrub or small tree, leaves have silky undersides Hydrology: moist soil or frequent inundation Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 30'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Live stakes

Sambucus canadensis

Common Name:
Elderberry
Comments:
Medium to large deciduous shrub with large umbels of white flowers and conspicuous purple to black fruits Hydrology: irregular to seasonal inundation; somewhat salt tolerant Wetland Indicator Status: FACW- Height: 6' to 12'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Erosion control, Live stakes, Stormwater ponds, Native flowering shrub, Pollinator habitat, Native medicinal plant, Native edible fruit

Saururus cernuus

Common Name:
Lizard Tail
Comments:
Heart shaped leaves and interesting recumbent flower spikes Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 1' deep Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 4'
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Pollinator habitat, Native flowering perennial.

Schizachyrium scoparium

Common Name:
Little Bluestem
Comments:
An important wide spread native grass; bluish green in early summer, turning a rich tan-brown and wine-red in fall Hydrology: upland Wetland Indicator Status: FACU Height: 1.5' to 5'

Schoenoplectus americanus

Common Name:
Swordgrass
Comments:
Rush of medium height with lateral clustered spikelets Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 6"' deep Height: up to 5' . Wetland indicator status:OBL
Applications:
Storm water ponds

Schoenoplectus pungens

Common Name:
Common Three Square
Comments:
Rush of medium height with lateral clustered spikelets Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 6"' deep Height: up to 5'

Schoenoplectus robustus

Common Name:
Salt Marsh Bulrush
Comments:
Sedge with robust seed heads densely clustered near stem tips Hydrology: Brackish water, regular to permanent inundation Height: 2' to 4'

Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani

Common Name:
Soft Stem Bulrush
Comments:
A tall rush with reddish spikelets in branched clusters Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 1' deep Height: up to 10'
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow water, Deep pool, Native tough perennial.

Scirpus cyperinus

Common Name:
Wool Grass
Comments:
Tall grass-like sedge with large fuzzy seed heads Hydrology: regular to irregular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 6.5'
Applications:
Water quality, Wetland mitigation, BMPs, Stormwater ponds, Constructed wetlands, Littoral shelf, Shallow land, Erosion control, Native tough perennial.

Solidago sempervirens

Common Name:
Seaside Goldenrod
Comments:
Salt tolerant goldenrod, yellow flowers Hydrology: above mean high tide Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Height: 1 - 6'

Sorghastrum nutans

Common Name:
Indian Grass
Comments:
Tall native grass with golden plume-like head, turns reddish in winter Hydrology: upland Height: leaves to 3'; seed heads 5' to6'

Sparganium americanum

Common Name:
American Burreed
Comments:
Marsh plant surviving in up to 12" of water colonizing by rhizome. Wetland indicator status: OBl
Applications:
Stormwater ponds

Spartina alterniflora

Common Name:
Smooth Cordgrass
Comments:
Salt tolerant grass of the marsh intertidal zone Hydrology: intertidal zone Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 7'

Spartina cynosuroides

Common Name:
Big Cordgrass
Comments:
Very tall robust marsh grass Hydrology: irregular inundation, salt tolerant Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 9'

Spartina patens

Common Name:
Salt Meadow Hay
Comments:
High marsh grass, salt tolerant Hydrology: near and above mean high tide Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 3'

Spiraea tomentosa

Common Name:
Hard Hack
Comments:
Shrub of bogs, wet meadows, and low woodlands; pink flowers Hydrology: regular to permanent inundation up to 1' deep Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Height: up to 6.5'

Stokesia laevis

Common Name:
Stokes aster
Comments:
Showy perennial herb with a basil cluster of dark green leaves numerous broad light blue to purple flowers. Wetland indicator status: FAC
Applications:
Showy native perennial, Rain Gardens, Stormwater ponds, Pollinator habitat

Styrax americanus

Common Name:
American snowbell
Comments:
A showy shrub or small tree with numerous white and gold bell shaped flowers in late spring. Wetland indicator status: FACW Height: to 30'
Applications:
Showy native landscaping shrub, Stream restoration, Pollinator habitat

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus

Common Name:
Coralberry
Comments:
Erect colonizing multi-stemmed shrub, coral colored berries Hydrology: Upland to occasional inundation Height: Up to 5 or 6'

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum

Common Name:
Calico Aster
Comments:
Hydrology: hydrology Height: available in quarts

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae

Common Name:
New England Aster
Comments:
Inflorescence a many-headed panicle, large showy violet flowers Hydrology: regular inundation Height: 2' to 6'

Symphyotrichum oblongifolium

Common Name:
Aromatic aster
Comments:
Woody stemmed dense bush forming herbaceous perennial with numerous blue to purple flowers in autumn. Wetland indicator status: UPL
Applications:
Showy native flowering perennial, Native landscaping perennial, Stormwater ponds

Taxodium ascendens

Common Name:
Pond cypress
Comments:
A deciduous conifer with characteristic upright turning leaves. Brilliant orange color in late autumn. Wetland indicator status: OBL. Height to 60'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Storm water ponds, Wetland Mitigation, Native landscaping tree

Taxodium distichum

Common Name:
Bald Cypress
Comments:
Needle-leaved deciduous conifer, tolerates standing water or dry soil Hydrology: irregular to permanent inundation Height: up to 100'

Thalia dealbata

Common Name:
Powdery Thalia
Comments:
Tall striking plant with broad-bladed leaves and inflorescence of deep purple flowers on long slender stem. Hydrology: regular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: OBL

Tilia americana

Common Name:
Basswood
Comments:
Fast growing deciduous tree with massive displays of fragrant yellow white flowers in midsummer. Wetland indicator status: FACU. Height to 120'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native Landscaping tree, Pollinator habitat

Triadenum walteri

Common Name:
Greater marsh St. Johnswort
Comments:
Erect multi-stemmed perennial herb. Wetland indicator status: OBL. Height to 4'

Tripsacum dactyloides

Common Name:
Gamma Grass
Comments:
Loosely tufted perennial grass, terminal spikes with spikelets in pairs Hydrology: variable from moist soils to occasional inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FAC+ Height: to 7'

Typha angustifolia

Common Name:
Narrow Leaved Cattail
Comments:
Tall grass with showy seed head; forms dense stands of long linear leaves, can tolerate 15 ppt salinity Hydrology: irregular to permanent inundation up to 1' deep Wetland Indicator Status: OBL Height: up to 10'

Typha latifolia

Common Name:
Broad Leaved Cattail
Comments:
Similar to T. angustifolia, but with wider leaves, less salt tolerant (< .5ppt) Wetland Indicator Status: OBL

Ulmus americana

Common Name:
American elm
Comments:
Large deciduous tree will high spreading umbrella like canopy. Wetland indicator status: FAC. Height to 120'
Applications:
Native landscaping tree, Stream restoration

Vaccinium corymbosum

Common Name:
Highbush blueberry
Comments:
A deciduous shrub often forming dense thickets with glossy dark green foliage and sweet berries in midsummer. Wetland indicator status: FACW. Height to 12'
Applications:
Native showy shrub, Native edible, High wildlife value

Verbena hastata

Common Name:
Swamp verbena
Comments:
Upright flowering perennial. Wetland indicator status: FAC
Applications:
Stormwater ponds

Vernonia noveboracensis

Common Name:
Ironweed
Comments:
Robust perennial herb, tall leafy stem, numerous purple disk flowers. Hydrology: irregular inundation, salt tolerant Wetland Indicator Status: FAC+ Height: 3' to 7'

Viburnum dentatum

Common Name:
Arrow-wood
Comments:
Shrub with arrow-straight stems, opposite leaves, black drupes Hydrology: irregular to regular inundation Wetland Indicator Status: FAC Height: Up to 10'

Viburnum nudum

Common Name:
Possumhaw viburnum
Comments:
Showy tardily deciduous native shrub with blue black drupes persisting into midwinter. Wetland indicator status: FACW. Height to 16'
Applications:
Showy native landscaping shrub, Stream restoration, Wetland mitigation, Pollinator habitat

Viburnum prunifolium

Common Name:
Blackhaw
Comments:
A deciduous shrub or small tree with creamy white flowers and leaves superficially similar to some species of prunus. Wetland indicator status: FACU. Height to 18'
Applications:
Stream restoration, Native landscaping shrub, Stormwater ponds, Pollinator habitat

Woodwardia areolata

Common Name:
Netted chainfern
Comments:
Large showy fern. Wetland indicator status: FACW. Height to 48"
Applications:
Native landscaping Fern

Xanthorhiza simplicissima

Common Name:
Yellowroot
Comments:
Low colonizing deciduous shrub. Wetland indicator status: FACW. Height to 36"
Applications:
Native landscaping shrub, Stream restoration

Yucca filamentosa

Common Name:
Adams needle
Comments:
Suckering evergreen perennial with characteristic thready filaments along leaf margins. Wetland indicator status: UPL Height: to 6'
Applications:
Native flowering perennial, Native landscaping

Zenobia pulverulenta

Common Name:
Zenobia
Comments:
Small evergreen shrub with numerous white bell shaped flowers. Wetland indicator status: FACW. Height: to 6'
Applications:
Stream restoration